Four-week parenteral nutrition using a third generation lipid emulsion (SMOFlipid)--a double-blind, randomised, multicentre study in adults.Clin Nutr 2013; 32(2):224-31CN
The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and tolerance of a soybean/MCT/olive/fish oil emulsion in intestinal failure patients on long-term parenteral nutrition. 73 patients took part in a randomized, double-blind, multi-centre study. The study demonstrates that the lipid emulsion containing four different types of oils is safe and well tolerated in long-term PN.
BACKGROUND & AIM
Long-term safety and efficacy of a lipid emulsion containing soybean oil, medium-chain triglycerides (MCT), olive oil and fish oil and enriched in vitamin E have not yet been evaluated in adult patients requiring long-term parenteral nutrition (PN).
Randomised, controlled, double-blind, multicentre study in 73 patients with stable intestinal failure, requiring PN with either soybean/MCT/olive/fish emulsion (SMOFlipid, n = 34) or soybean emulsion (Intralipid, control n = 39) for 4 weeks. Safety and tolerance were monitored with standard clinical laboratory parameters, adverse events (AEs, according to the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) classification v 3.0) and vital signs. Fatty acid pattern in red blood cell phospholipids and plasma lipoproteins, serum Vitamin E, Interleukin (IL)-6, and soluble tumour necrosis (s-TNF)-receptor(R)II were also evaluated.
Mean concentrations of alanine transaminase (ALT), aspartate transaminase (AST) and total bilirubin, whilst remaining within the reference range, were significantly lower with soybean/MCT/olive/fish (SMOF) oil emulsion after the treatment period compared to control. Eicosapentaenoic acid, docosahexaenoic acid and n-3/n-6 fatty acid ratio increased in the SMOF group, while they remained unchanged in the control in plasma and RBC. Serum α-tocopherol concentrations significantly increased in the study group compared to control (p = 0.0004). IL-6 and sTNF-RII levels did not change during the study period. Grade 4 (serious) adverse events occurred in 2 SMOF patients and in 8 control patients (p = 0.03).
Soybean/MCT/olive/fish emulsion was safe and well tolerated over 4 weeks and leads to positive change in fatty acids profile.