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Differences in risk factors for coronary heart disease among diabetic and nondiabetic individuals from a population with high rates of diabetes: the Strong Heart Study.
J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2012; 97(10):3766-74JC

Abstract

CONTEXT

Coronary heart disease (CHD) is the leading cause of death in the United States.

OBJECTIVE

This study compares differences in risk factors for CHD in diabetic vs. nondiabetic Strong Heart Study participants.

DESIGN

This was an observational study.

SETTING

The study was conducted at three centers in Arizona, Oklahoma, and North and South Dakota.

PARTICIPANTS

Data were obtained from 3563 of 4549 American Indians free of cardiovascular disease at baseline.

INTERVENTION(S)

CHD events were ascertained during follow-up.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE

CHD events were classified using standardized criteria.

RESULTS

In diabetic and nondiabetic participants, 545 and 216 CHD events, respectively, were ascertained during follow-up (21,194 and 22,990 person-years); age- and sex-adjusted incidence rates of CHD were higher for the diabetic group (27.5 vs. 12.1 per 1,000 person-years). Risk factors for incident CHD common to both groups included older age, male sex, prehypertension or hypertension, and elevated low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. Risk factors specific to the diabetic group were lower high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, current smoking, macroalbuminuria, lower estimated glomerular filtration rate, use of diabetes medication, and longer duration of diabetes. Higher body mass index was a risk factor only for the nondiabetic group. The association of male sex and CHD was greater in those without diabetes than in those with diabetes.

CONCLUSIONS

In addition to higher incidence rates of CHD events in persons with diabetes compared with those without, the two groups differed in CHD risk factors. These differences must be recognized in estimating CHD risk and managing risk factors.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Center for Biostatistics, The Methodist Hospital Research Institute, 6565 Fannin Street, MGJ 6-032, Houston, Texas 77030, USA. jxu@tmhs.orgNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22802089

Citation

Xu, Jiaqiong, et al. "Differences in Risk Factors for Coronary Heart Disease Among Diabetic and Nondiabetic Individuals From a Population With High Rates of Diabetes: the Strong Heart Study." The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, vol. 97, no. 10, 2012, pp. 3766-74.
Xu J, Lee ET, Peterson LE, et al. Differences in risk factors for coronary heart disease among diabetic and nondiabetic individuals from a population with high rates of diabetes: the Strong Heart Study. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2012;97(10):3766-74.
Xu, J., Lee, E. T., Peterson, L. E., Devereux, R. B., Rhoades, E. R., Umans, J. G., ... Howard, B. V. (2012). Differences in risk factors for coronary heart disease among diabetic and nondiabetic individuals from a population with high rates of diabetes: the Strong Heart Study. The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 97(10), pp. 3766-74. doi:10.1210/jc.2012-2110.
Xu J, et al. Differences in Risk Factors for Coronary Heart Disease Among Diabetic and Nondiabetic Individuals From a Population With High Rates of Diabetes: the Strong Heart Study. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2012;97(10):3766-74. PubMed PMID: 22802089.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Differences in risk factors for coronary heart disease among diabetic and nondiabetic individuals from a population with high rates of diabetes: the Strong Heart Study. AU - Xu,Jiaqiong, AU - Lee,Elisa T, AU - Peterson,Leif E, AU - Devereux,Richard B, AU - Rhoades,Everett R, AU - Umans,Jason G, AU - Best,Lyle G, AU - Howard,William J, AU - Paranilam,Jaya, AU - Howard,Barbara V, Y1 - 2012/07/16/ PY - 2012/7/18/entrez PY - 2012/7/18/pubmed PY - 2012/12/19/medline SP - 3766 EP - 74 JF - The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism JO - J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. VL - 97 IS - 10 N2 - CONTEXT: Coronary heart disease (CHD) is the leading cause of death in the United States. OBJECTIVE: This study compares differences in risk factors for CHD in diabetic vs. nondiabetic Strong Heart Study participants. DESIGN: This was an observational study. SETTING: The study was conducted at three centers in Arizona, Oklahoma, and North and South Dakota. PARTICIPANTS: Data were obtained from 3563 of 4549 American Indians free of cardiovascular disease at baseline. INTERVENTION(S): CHD events were ascertained during follow-up. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: CHD events were classified using standardized criteria. RESULTS: In diabetic and nondiabetic participants, 545 and 216 CHD events, respectively, were ascertained during follow-up (21,194 and 22,990 person-years); age- and sex-adjusted incidence rates of CHD were higher for the diabetic group (27.5 vs. 12.1 per 1,000 person-years). Risk factors for incident CHD common to both groups included older age, male sex, prehypertension or hypertension, and elevated low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. Risk factors specific to the diabetic group were lower high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, current smoking, macroalbuminuria, lower estimated glomerular filtration rate, use of diabetes medication, and longer duration of diabetes. Higher body mass index was a risk factor only for the nondiabetic group. The association of male sex and CHD was greater in those without diabetes than in those with diabetes. CONCLUSIONS: In addition to higher incidence rates of CHD events in persons with diabetes compared with those without, the two groups differed in CHD risk factors. These differences must be recognized in estimating CHD risk and managing risk factors. SN - 1945-7197 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22802089/Differences_in_risk_factors_for_coronary_heart_disease_among_diabetic_and_nondiabetic_individuals_from_a_population_with_high_rates_of_diabetes:_the_Strong_Heart_Study_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/jcem/article-lookup/doi/10.1210/jc.2012-2110 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -