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Psychological consequences of indirect exposure to disaster due to the Haiti earthquake.
Prehosp Disaster Med. 2012 Aug; 27(4):359-68.PD

Abstract

INTRODUCTION

Few studies have focused on the mental health consequences of indirect exposure to disasters caused by naturally occurring hazards. The present study assessed indirect exposure to the 2010 earthquake in Haiti among Haitian-Americans now living in Miami; these subjects had no direct exposure to the earthquake, but retained their cultural identity, language, and connection to family and friends in Haiti.

METHODS

Two months following the earthquake a sample of Haitian-Americans was surveyed inquiring about: (1) their psychological reactions to the quake; (2) types of exposures experienced by their family members and friends in Haiti; and (3) symptom levels of (a) major depression, (b) generalized anxiety disorder, (c) complicated grief, (d) mental health status, and (e) physical health status.

RESULTS

Haitian-Americans living in Miami experienced a broad spectrum of indirect exposures to the 2010 earthquake in Haiti. These exposures were strongly associated with psychological distress, trauma-related mental health consequences, and diminished health status. Most notable was the multiplicity of indirect exposures to the on-scene experiences of multiple family members and friends in Haiti.

CONCLUSIONS

Consideration should be given to the psychological impact and needs for support among indirectly-exposed populations with strong affiliation to directly-impacted victims.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Center for Disaster & Extreme Event Preparedness (DEEP Center), University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Florida, USA. jamesmichaelshultz@gmail.comNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22809498

Citation

Shultz, James M., et al. "Psychological Consequences of Indirect Exposure to Disaster Due to the Haiti Earthquake." Prehospital and Disaster Medicine, vol. 27, no. 4, 2012, pp. 359-68.
Shultz JM, Besser A, Kelly F, et al. Psychological consequences of indirect exposure to disaster due to the Haiti earthquake. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2012;27(4):359-68.
Shultz, J. M., Besser, A., Kelly, F., Allen, A., Schmitz, S., Hausmann, V., Marcelin, L. H., & Neria, Y. (2012). Psychological consequences of indirect exposure to disaster due to the Haiti earthquake. Prehospital and Disaster Medicine, 27(4), 359-68.
Shultz JM, et al. Psychological Consequences of Indirect Exposure to Disaster Due to the Haiti Earthquake. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2012;27(4):359-68. PubMed PMID: 22809498.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Psychological consequences of indirect exposure to disaster due to the Haiti earthquake. AU - Shultz,James M, AU - Besser,Avi, AU - Kelly,Fiona, AU - Allen,Andrea, AU - Schmitz,Susan, AU - Hausmann,Vicky, AU - Marcelin,Louis Herns, AU - Neria,Yuval, Y1 - 2012/07/19/ PY - 2012/7/20/entrez PY - 2012/7/20/pubmed PY - 2012/12/10/medline SP - 359 EP - 68 JF - Prehospital and disaster medicine JO - Prehosp Disaster Med VL - 27 IS - 4 N2 - INTRODUCTION: Few studies have focused on the mental health consequences of indirect exposure to disasters caused by naturally occurring hazards. The present study assessed indirect exposure to the 2010 earthquake in Haiti among Haitian-Americans now living in Miami; these subjects had no direct exposure to the earthquake, but retained their cultural identity, language, and connection to family and friends in Haiti. METHODS: Two months following the earthquake a sample of Haitian-Americans was surveyed inquiring about: (1) their psychological reactions to the quake; (2) types of exposures experienced by their family members and friends in Haiti; and (3) symptom levels of (a) major depression, (b) generalized anxiety disorder, (c) complicated grief, (d) mental health status, and (e) physical health status. RESULTS: Haitian-Americans living in Miami experienced a broad spectrum of indirect exposures to the 2010 earthquake in Haiti. These exposures were strongly associated with psychological distress, trauma-related mental health consequences, and diminished health status. Most notable was the multiplicity of indirect exposures to the on-scene experiences of multiple family members and friends in Haiti. CONCLUSIONS: Consideration should be given to the psychological impact and needs for support among indirectly-exposed populations with strong affiliation to directly-impacted victims. SN - 1049-023X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22809498/Psychological_consequences_of_indirect_exposure_to_disaster_due_to_the_Haiti_earthquake_ L2 - https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S1049023X12001008/type/journal_article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -