Dental anomalies associated with unilateral and bilateral cleft lip and palate.J Dent Child (Chic). 2012 May-Aug; 79(2):69-73.JD
The purpose of this study was to compare the prevalence of dental anomalies in the primary and permanent dentition of patients with unilateral (UCLP) and bilateral (BCLP) cleft lip with or without palate.
One hundred two complete clinical records were randomly selected for review from a university-based cleft palate clinic. Only nonsyndromic UCLP and BCLP cases were further selected for analysis of dental anomalies. The prevalence of 9 dental categories, including anomalies in number, crown structure, position, and maxillary-mandibular relationship, was assessed and compared between UCLP and BCLP cases using Fisher's exact test.
Of the 102 charts evaluated, there were 67 cases of UCLP and 29 cases of BCLP for a total of 96 cases. There was a high prevalence of dental anomalies in primary and permanent teeth; 93% of UCLP cases and 96% of BCLP cases presented with at least 1 dental anomaly. Significant differences (P <.05) were only found in the prevalence of anodontia of a single tooth (UCLP=39%, BCLP=14%), multiple anodontia (UCLP=22%, BCLP=54%), and anterior malocclusion (UCLP=15%, BCLP=41%).
There is a high prevalence of dental anomalies associated with orofacial clefts regardless of whether they are unilateral or bilateral cleft lip with or without palate.