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Stroke, food groups, and dietary patterns: a systematic review.

Abstract

Stroke is the fourth leading cause of mortality in the United States, yet it is 80% preventable by addressing lifestyle factors including nutrition. Evaluating the impact of nutrition at the food group and dietary pattern level will provide greater insight into the role of nutrition in stroke. For this purpose, a review of the literature was conducted using the PubMed, Web of Science, and CINAHL Plus online databases. While fruits, vegetables, and soy demonstrated a protective effect, variable findings were observed for fish, animal products, and whole grains. Adherence to DASH, Mediterranean, and prudent dietary patterns reduced the risk of stroke, whereas the Western dietary pattern was associated with increased stroke risk. Low-fat diet was not found to have a protective effect. Additional epidemiological evidence is needed to elucidate the impact of specific dietary patterns and food groups on stroke. Future research should consider developing dietary recommendations for stroke prevention, which are based on clinical trials and have an emphasis on food groups and dietary patterns that are palatable to the general public.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Department of Neurology, Loma Linda University Medical Center, Loma Linda, California 92354, USA. adsherzai@llu.edu

    , ,

    Source

    Nutrition reviews 70:8 2012 Aug pg 423-35

    MeSH

    Diet
    Feeding Behavior
    Humans
    Life Style
    Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
    Stroke

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
    Review
    Systematic Review

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    22835136

    Citation

    Sherzai, Ayesha, et al. "Stroke, Food Groups, and Dietary Patterns: a Systematic Review." Nutrition Reviews, vol. 70, no. 8, 2012, pp. 423-35.
    Sherzai A, Heim LT, Boothby C, et al. Stroke, food groups, and dietary patterns: a systematic review. Nutr Rev. 2012;70(8):423-35.
    Sherzai, A., Heim, L. T., Boothby, C., & Sherzai, A. D. (2012). Stroke, food groups, and dietary patterns: a systematic review. Nutrition Reviews, 70(8), pp. 423-35. doi:10.1111/j.1753-4887.2012.00490.x.
    Sherzai A, et al. Stroke, Food Groups, and Dietary Patterns: a Systematic Review. Nutr Rev. 2012;70(8):423-35. PubMed PMID: 22835136.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Stroke, food groups, and dietary patterns: a systematic review. AU - Sherzai,Ayesha, AU - Heim,Lauren T, AU - Boothby,Cassaundra, AU - Sherzai,A Dean, PY - 2012/7/28/entrez PY - 2012/7/28/pubmed PY - 2012/9/29/medline SP - 423 EP - 35 JF - Nutrition reviews JO - Nutr. Rev. VL - 70 IS - 8 N2 - Stroke is the fourth leading cause of mortality in the United States, yet it is 80% preventable by addressing lifestyle factors including nutrition. Evaluating the impact of nutrition at the food group and dietary pattern level will provide greater insight into the role of nutrition in stroke. For this purpose, a review of the literature was conducted using the PubMed, Web of Science, and CINAHL Plus online databases. While fruits, vegetables, and soy demonstrated a protective effect, variable findings were observed for fish, animal products, and whole grains. Adherence to DASH, Mediterranean, and prudent dietary patterns reduced the risk of stroke, whereas the Western dietary pattern was associated with increased stroke risk. Low-fat diet was not found to have a protective effect. Additional epidemiological evidence is needed to elucidate the impact of specific dietary patterns and food groups on stroke. Future research should consider developing dietary recommendations for stroke prevention, which are based on clinical trials and have an emphasis on food groups and dietary patterns that are palatable to the general public. SN - 1753-4887 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22835136/Stroke_food_groups_and_dietary_patterns:_a_systematic_review_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/nutritionreviews/article-lookup/doi/10.1111/j.1753-4887.2012.00490.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -