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Nonsuicidal self-injury as a time-invariant predictor of adolescent suicide ideation and attempts in a diverse community sample.
J Consult Clin Psychol. 2012 Oct; 80(5):842-9.JC

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

Longitudinal data on adolescent self-injury are rare. Little is known regarding the associations between various forms of self-injurious thoughts and behaviors over time, particularly within community samples that are most relevant for prevention efforts. This study examined nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) as a time-invariant, prospective predictor of adolescent suicide ideation, threats or gestures, and attempts over a 2.5-year interval.

METHOD

A diverse (55% female; 51% non-White) adolescent community sample (n = 399) reported depressive symptoms, frequency of NSSI, suicide ideation, threats or gestures, and attempts in 9th grade (i.e., baseline) and at 4 subsequent time points. Generalized estimating equations and logistic regressions were conducted to reveal the associations between baseline NSSI and the likelihood of each suicidal self-injury outcome postbaseline while controlling for depressive symptoms and related indices of suicidal self-injury as competing predictors.

RESULTS

Baseline NSSI was significantly, prospectively associated with elevated levels of suicide ideation and suicide attempts, but not threats or gestures. Neither gender nor ethnicity moderated results.

CONCLUSIONS

Above and beyond established risk factors such as depressive symptoms and previous suicidality, adolescent NSSI may be an especially important factor to assess when determining risk for later suicidality.

Authors+Show Affiliations

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Department of Psychology, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-3270, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22845782

Citation

Guan, Karen, et al. "Nonsuicidal Self-injury as a Time-invariant Predictor of Adolescent Suicide Ideation and Attempts in a Diverse Community Sample." Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, vol. 80, no. 5, 2012, pp. 842-9.
Guan K, Fox KR, Prinstein MJ. Nonsuicidal self-injury as a time-invariant predictor of adolescent suicide ideation and attempts in a diverse community sample. J Consult Clin Psychol. 2012;80(5):842-9.
Guan, K., Fox, K. R., & Prinstein, M. J. (2012). Nonsuicidal self-injury as a time-invariant predictor of adolescent suicide ideation and attempts in a diverse community sample. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 80(5), 842-9.
Guan K, Fox KR, Prinstein MJ. Nonsuicidal Self-injury as a Time-invariant Predictor of Adolescent Suicide Ideation and Attempts in a Diverse Community Sample. J Consult Clin Psychol. 2012;80(5):842-9. PubMed PMID: 22845782.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Nonsuicidal self-injury as a time-invariant predictor of adolescent suicide ideation and attempts in a diverse community sample. AU - Guan,Karen, AU - Fox,Kathryn R, AU - Prinstein,Mitchell J, Y1 - 2012/07/30/ PY - 2012/8/1/entrez PY - 2012/8/1/pubmed PY - 2013/2/26/medline SP - 842 EP - 9 JF - Journal of consulting and clinical psychology JO - J Consult Clin Psychol VL - 80 IS - 5 N2 - OBJECTIVE: Longitudinal data on adolescent self-injury are rare. Little is known regarding the associations between various forms of self-injurious thoughts and behaviors over time, particularly within community samples that are most relevant for prevention efforts. This study examined nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) as a time-invariant, prospective predictor of adolescent suicide ideation, threats or gestures, and attempts over a 2.5-year interval. METHOD: A diverse (55% female; 51% non-White) adolescent community sample (n = 399) reported depressive symptoms, frequency of NSSI, suicide ideation, threats or gestures, and attempts in 9th grade (i.e., baseline) and at 4 subsequent time points. Generalized estimating equations and logistic regressions were conducted to reveal the associations between baseline NSSI and the likelihood of each suicidal self-injury outcome postbaseline while controlling for depressive symptoms and related indices of suicidal self-injury as competing predictors. RESULTS: Baseline NSSI was significantly, prospectively associated with elevated levels of suicide ideation and suicide attempts, but not threats or gestures. Neither gender nor ethnicity moderated results. CONCLUSIONS: Above and beyond established risk factors such as depressive symptoms and previous suicidality, adolescent NSSI may be an especially important factor to assess when determining risk for later suicidality. SN - 1939-2117 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22845782/Nonsuicidal_self_injury_as_a_time_invariant_predictor_of_adolescent_suicide_ideation_and_attempts_in_a_diverse_community_sample_ L2 - http://content.apa.org/journals/ccp/80/5/842 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -