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Consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages in relation to the metabolic syndrome among Iranian adults.
Obes Facts. 2012; 5(4):527-37.OF

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Few data are available linking intake of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) with the metabolic syndrome. Furthermore, findings from these studies are inconsistent and most are from Western societies; no information is available in this regard from Middle Eastern populations.

OBJECTIVE

This study was conducted to assess the relationship between SSB consumption and metabolic syndrome in an Iranian adult population.

METHODS

In this cross-sectional study, data from 1,752 people (782 men and 970 women) that were selected with the multistage cluster random sampling method from three counties of Isfahan, Najafabad and Arak were used. A validated food frequency questionnaire was used to assess participants' usual dietary intakes. Consumption of SSBs was calculated by summing up the consumption of 'soft drinks' and 'artificially sweetened fruit juices'. To categorize participants, we used three levels of SSB consumption: <1 time/week, 1-3 times/week, and >3 times/week. Biochemical assessments were done after an overnight fasting. Metabolic syndrome was defined according to the guidelines of Adult Treatment Panel III.

RESULTS

Subjects with high consumption of SSBs (>3 times/week) were younger than those with low consumption (<1 time/week). Mean BMI was not significantly different across SSB categories. High consumption of SSBs was associated with greater intakes of energy and almost all food groups. We found a significant difference in serum triglyceride levels between men consuming SSBs 1-3 times/week and those consuming <1 time/week. However, after controlling for potential confounders, this association disappeared. In crude models, no significant associations were found between SSB intake and prevalence of the metabolic syndrome in either gender. After adjustment for potential confounders including BMI, we found that men in the top category of SSB intake were 17% more likely to have the metabolic syndrome (odds ratio (OR) 1.17; 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 0.56-2.46), while women in the highest category were 20% less likely to have the syndrome (OR 0.80; 95% CI 0.46-1.42) as compared with those in the bottom category. However, these associations were not significant in either men or women.

CONCLUSION

Our results do not support the previous findings on the association between SSB consumption and metabolic syndrome. Prospective studies are needed to further explore for this association.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Cardiac Rehabilitation Research Center, Isfahan Cardiovascular Research Institute, Isfahan, Iran.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22854602

Citation

Khosravi-Boroujeni, Hossein, et al. "Consumption of Sugar-sweetened Beverages in Relation to the Metabolic Syndrome Among Iranian Adults." Obesity Facts, vol. 5, no. 4, 2012, pp. 527-37.
Khosravi-Boroujeni H, Sarrafzadegan N, Mohammadifard N, et al. Consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages in relation to the metabolic syndrome among Iranian adults. Obes Facts. 2012;5(4):527-37.
Khosravi-Boroujeni, H., Sarrafzadegan, N., Mohammadifard, N., Alikhasi, H., Sajjadi, F., Asgari, S., & Esmaillzadeh, A. (2012). Consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages in relation to the metabolic syndrome among Iranian adults. Obesity Facts, 5(4), 527-37. https://doi.org/10.1159/000341886
Khosravi-Boroujeni H, et al. Consumption of Sugar-sweetened Beverages in Relation to the Metabolic Syndrome Among Iranian Adults. Obes Facts. 2012;5(4):527-37. PubMed PMID: 22854602.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages in relation to the metabolic syndrome among Iranian adults. AU - Khosravi-Boroujeni,Hossein, AU - Sarrafzadegan,Nizal, AU - Mohammadifard,Noushin, AU - Alikhasi,Hasan, AU - Sajjadi,Firouzeh, AU - Asgari,Sedigheh, AU - Esmaillzadeh,Ahmad, Y1 - 2012/07/27/ PY - 2011/09/05/received PY - 2012/01/18/accepted PY - 2012/8/3/entrez PY - 2012/8/3/pubmed PY - 2013/1/25/medline SP - 527 EP - 37 JF - Obesity facts JO - Obes Facts VL - 5 IS - 4 N2 - BACKGROUND: Few data are available linking intake of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) with the metabolic syndrome. Furthermore, findings from these studies are inconsistent and most are from Western societies; no information is available in this regard from Middle Eastern populations. OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to assess the relationship between SSB consumption and metabolic syndrome in an Iranian adult population. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, data from 1,752 people (782 men and 970 women) that were selected with the multistage cluster random sampling method from three counties of Isfahan, Najafabad and Arak were used. A validated food frequency questionnaire was used to assess participants' usual dietary intakes. Consumption of SSBs was calculated by summing up the consumption of 'soft drinks' and 'artificially sweetened fruit juices'. To categorize participants, we used three levels of SSB consumption: <1 time/week, 1-3 times/week, and >3 times/week. Biochemical assessments were done after an overnight fasting. Metabolic syndrome was defined according to the guidelines of Adult Treatment Panel III. RESULTS: Subjects with high consumption of SSBs (>3 times/week) were younger than those with low consumption (<1 time/week). Mean BMI was not significantly different across SSB categories. High consumption of SSBs was associated with greater intakes of energy and almost all food groups. We found a significant difference in serum triglyceride levels between men consuming SSBs 1-3 times/week and those consuming <1 time/week. However, after controlling for potential confounders, this association disappeared. In crude models, no significant associations were found between SSB intake and prevalence of the metabolic syndrome in either gender. After adjustment for potential confounders including BMI, we found that men in the top category of SSB intake were 17% more likely to have the metabolic syndrome (odds ratio (OR) 1.17; 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 0.56-2.46), while women in the highest category were 20% less likely to have the syndrome (OR 0.80; 95% CI 0.46-1.42) as compared with those in the bottom category. However, these associations were not significant in either men or women. CONCLUSION: Our results do not support the previous findings on the association between SSB consumption and metabolic syndrome. Prospective studies are needed to further explore for this association. SN - 1662-4033 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22854602/Consumption_of_sugar_sweetened_beverages_in_relation_to_the_metabolic_syndrome_among_Iranian_adults_ L2 - https://www.karger.com?DOI=10.1159/000341886 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -