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An experimental analysis of disgust sensitivity and fear of contagion in Spider and Blood Injection Injury Phobia.
J Anxiety Disord. 2012 Oct; 26(7):753-61.JA

Abstract

Disgust sensitivity and concern with contamination have been frequently associated with Spider and Blood-Injection-Injury (BII) Phobias. This study assessed the domain specificity of disgust sensitivity and concern with contamination in 29 Non-Phobic Controls, 25 clinical Spider Phobics, 26 clinical BII Phobics, and 27 persons who met clinical criteria for Spider Phobia and BII Phobia. On self-report measures we found evidence of domain specificity of disgust sensitivity for the Spider and BII Phobia groups. Furthermore, we found that persons with both phobias may be more disgust sensitive than persons with a single phobia. Interestingly, the animal reminder disgust stimulus used in this research was more sensitive to detecting domain specific differences in disgust sensitivity between Phobic groups than was the core disgust stimulus, emphasizing the importance of developing standardized behavioral measures of disgust sensitivity in future research. Lastly, findings from this research suggest that concern with contamination may be more influential in phobic avoidance for persons with Spider Phobia than for persons with BII Phobia. Treatment implications for these findings are discussed.

Authors+Show Affiliations

American University, United States.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22867737

Citation

Bianchi, Kristin N., and Michele M. Carter. "An Experimental Analysis of Disgust Sensitivity and Fear of Contagion in Spider and Blood Injection Injury Phobia." Journal of Anxiety Disorders, vol. 26, no. 7, 2012, pp. 753-61.
Bianchi KN, Carter MM. An experimental analysis of disgust sensitivity and fear of contagion in Spider and Blood Injection Injury Phobia. J Anxiety Disord. 2012;26(7):753-61.
Bianchi, K. N., & Carter, M. M. (2012). An experimental analysis of disgust sensitivity and fear of contagion in Spider and Blood Injection Injury Phobia. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 26(7), 753-61. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.janxdis.2012.06.004
Bianchi KN, Carter MM. An Experimental Analysis of Disgust Sensitivity and Fear of Contagion in Spider and Blood Injection Injury Phobia. J Anxiety Disord. 2012;26(7):753-61. PubMed PMID: 22867737.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - An experimental analysis of disgust sensitivity and fear of contagion in Spider and Blood Injection Injury Phobia. AU - Bianchi,Kristin N, AU - Carter,Michele M, Y1 - 2012/06/23/ PY - 2011/10/19/received PY - 2012/05/14/revised PY - 2012/06/05/accepted PY - 2012/8/8/entrez PY - 2012/8/8/pubmed PY - 2013/2/12/medline SP - 753 EP - 61 JF - Journal of anxiety disorders JO - J Anxiety Disord VL - 26 IS - 7 N2 - Disgust sensitivity and concern with contamination have been frequently associated with Spider and Blood-Injection-Injury (BII) Phobias. This study assessed the domain specificity of disgust sensitivity and concern with contamination in 29 Non-Phobic Controls, 25 clinical Spider Phobics, 26 clinical BII Phobics, and 27 persons who met clinical criteria for Spider Phobia and BII Phobia. On self-report measures we found evidence of domain specificity of disgust sensitivity for the Spider and BII Phobia groups. Furthermore, we found that persons with both phobias may be more disgust sensitive than persons with a single phobia. Interestingly, the animal reminder disgust stimulus used in this research was more sensitive to detecting domain specific differences in disgust sensitivity between Phobic groups than was the core disgust stimulus, emphasizing the importance of developing standardized behavioral measures of disgust sensitivity in future research. Lastly, findings from this research suggest that concern with contamination may be more influential in phobic avoidance for persons with Spider Phobia than for persons with BII Phobia. Treatment implications for these findings are discussed. SN - 1873-7897 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22867737/An_experimental_analysis_of_disgust_sensitivity_and_fear_of_contagion_in_Spider_and_Blood_Injection_Injury_Phobia_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0887-6185(12)00074-6 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -