An evaluation of the antinociceptive effects of Phα1β, a neurotoxin from the spider Phoneutria nigriventer, and ω-conotoxin MVIIA, a cone snail Conus magus toxin, in rat model of inflammatory and neuropathic pain.Cell Mol Neurobiol. 2013 Jan; 33(1):59-67.CM
Voltage-sensitive calcium channels (VSCCs) underlie cell excitability and are involved in the mechanisms that generate and maintain neuropathic and inflammatory pain. We evaluated in rats the effects of two VSCC blockers, ω-conotoxin MVIIA and Phα1β, in models of inflammatory and neuropathic pain induced with complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) and chronic constrictive injury (CCI), respectively. We also evaluated the effects of the toxins on capsaicin-induced Ca(2+) influx in dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons obtained from rats exposed to both models of pain. A single intrathecal injection of Phα1β reversibly inhibits CFA and CCI-induced mechanical hyperalgesia longer than a single injection of ω-conotoxin MVIIA. Phα1β and MVIIA also inhibited capsaicin-induced Ca(2+) influx in DRG neurons. The inhibitory effect of Phα1β on capsaicin-induced calcium transients in DRG neurons was greater in the CFA model of pain, while the inhibitory effect of ω-conotoxin MVIIA was greater in the CCI model. The management of chronic inflammatory and neuropathic pain is still a major challenge for clinicians. Phα1β, a reversible inhibitor of VSCCs with a preference for N-type Ca(2+) channels, has potential as a novel therapeutic agent for inflammatory and neuropathic pain. Clinical studies are necessary to establish the role of Phα1β in the treatment of chronic pain.