Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Dietary intake in pregnant women in a Spanish Mediterranean area: as good as it is supposed to be?
Public Health Nutr 2013; 16(8):1379-89PH

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To assess food and nutrient intakes and compliance with nutritional recommendations in pregnant women according to selected sociodemographic characteristics.

DESIGN

Cross-sectional study based on data from the INMA-Valencia cohort (Spain), which recruited pregnant women between 2004 and 2005. Information on maternal sociodemographics and anthropometry was collected. Dietary intake was assessed through an FFQ. Intakes of foods were compared with Spanish food-based dietary guidelines. Intake inadequacy for nutrients was assessed using the Dietary Reference Intakes of the US Institute of Medicine.

SETTING

Valencia, Spain.

SUBJECTS

We studied 822 pregnant women who had information on dietary intake during their first trimester of pregnancy.

RESULTS

More than 50% of pregnant women did not meet the guidelines for cereals and legumes; reported intakes of carbohydrates, n-3 and n-6 fatty acids were below recommendations and exceeded the total fat intake according to dietary references. Dietary inadequacy for folate, Fe and vitamin E ranged from 99% to 68%. Vegetable intake was related to age only. Younger and less educated women showed lower intakes of protein and n-3 fatty acids and higher intakes of trans-fatty acids as well as greater inadequacy for micronutrients. Spanish women reported lower intakes of fruit and carbohydrates and higher intakes of protein, total fat, SFA, MUFA and n-3 fatty acids compared with their foreign-born counterparts.

CONCLUSIONS

Women in the studied area have inadequate intakes of several nutrients relevant during pregnancy. Age, education and country of origin are factors significantly related to dietary intake and adequacy.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Centro Superior de Investigación en Salud Pública, CSISP, Avenida Cataluña 21, E-46020 Valencia, Spain. rodriguez_claber@gva.esNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22877515

Citation

Rodríguez-Bernal, Clara L., et al. "Dietary Intake in Pregnant Women in a Spanish Mediterranean Area: as Good as It Is Supposed to Be?" Public Health Nutrition, vol. 16, no. 8, 2013, pp. 1379-89.
Rodríguez-Bernal CL, Ramón R, Quiles J, et al. Dietary intake in pregnant women in a Spanish Mediterranean area: as good as it is supposed to be? Public Health Nutr. 2013;16(8):1379-89.
Rodríguez-Bernal, C. L., Ramón, R., Quiles, J., Murcia, M., Navarrete-Muñoz, E. M., Vioque, J., ... Rebagliato, M. (2013). Dietary intake in pregnant women in a Spanish Mediterranean area: as good as it is supposed to be? Public Health Nutrition, 16(8), pp. 1379-89. doi:10.1017/S1368980012003643.
Rodríguez-Bernal CL, et al. Dietary Intake in Pregnant Women in a Spanish Mediterranean Area: as Good as It Is Supposed to Be. Public Health Nutr. 2013;16(8):1379-89. PubMed PMID: 22877515.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Dietary intake in pregnant women in a Spanish Mediterranean area: as good as it is supposed to be? AU - Rodríguez-Bernal,Clara L, AU - Ramón,Rosa, AU - Quiles,Joan, AU - Murcia,Mario, AU - Navarrete-Muñoz,Eva M, AU - Vioque,Jesús, AU - Ballester,Ferran, AU - Rebagliato,Marisa, Y1 - 2012/08/09/ PY - 2012/8/11/entrez PY - 2012/8/11/pubmed PY - 2014/3/19/medline SP - 1379 EP - 89 JF - Public health nutrition JO - Public Health Nutr VL - 16 IS - 8 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To assess food and nutrient intakes and compliance with nutritional recommendations in pregnant women according to selected sociodemographic characteristics. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study based on data from the INMA-Valencia cohort (Spain), which recruited pregnant women between 2004 and 2005. Information on maternal sociodemographics and anthropometry was collected. Dietary intake was assessed through an FFQ. Intakes of foods were compared with Spanish food-based dietary guidelines. Intake inadequacy for nutrients was assessed using the Dietary Reference Intakes of the US Institute of Medicine. SETTING: Valencia, Spain. SUBJECTS: We studied 822 pregnant women who had information on dietary intake during their first trimester of pregnancy. RESULTS: More than 50% of pregnant women did not meet the guidelines for cereals and legumes; reported intakes of carbohydrates, n-3 and n-6 fatty acids were below recommendations and exceeded the total fat intake according to dietary references. Dietary inadequacy for folate, Fe and vitamin E ranged from 99% to 68%. Vegetable intake was related to age only. Younger and less educated women showed lower intakes of protein and n-3 fatty acids and higher intakes of trans-fatty acids as well as greater inadequacy for micronutrients. Spanish women reported lower intakes of fruit and carbohydrates and higher intakes of protein, total fat, SFA, MUFA and n-3 fatty acids compared with their foreign-born counterparts. CONCLUSIONS: Women in the studied area have inadequate intakes of several nutrients relevant during pregnancy. Age, education and country of origin are factors significantly related to dietary intake and adequacy. SN - 1475-2727 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22877515/Dietary_intake_in_pregnant_women_in_a_Spanish_Mediterranean_area:_as_good_as_it_is_supposed_to_be L2 - https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S1368980012003643/type/journal_article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -