Reducing effect of mangiferin on serum uric acid levels in mice.Pharm Biol. 2012 Sep; 50(9):1177-82.PB
Mangiferin, a natural bioactive xanthone C-glycoside, is widely present in medicinal plants like the leaf of Mangifera indica L. (Anacardiaceae). It has been reported that mangiferin possesses a variety of biological activities, including antidiabetic, hepatoprotective, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and anticarcinogenic.
The hypouricemic effect and xanthine oxidoreductase (XOR) inhibitory activity of mangiferin were investigated here for the first time.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
The hypouricemic effect of mangiferin was investigated in normal and hyperuricemic mice induced by potassium oxonate. Mangiferin at a dose of 0.75-100.0 mg/kg was given intragastrically to mice. The serum urate levels were determined using the phosphotungstic acid method. The hepatic activities of xanthine dehydrogenase (XDH) and xanthine oxidase (XOD) in hyperuricemic mice were assayed using commercially available kits.
The results showed that mangiferin at a dose of 1.5, 3.0, and 6.0 mg/kg significantly reduced the serum urate levels (148.7 ± 37.8, 142.2 ± 44.5, 121.7 ± 21.7 µmmol/L) in hyperuricemic mice, compared with untreated hyperuricemic mice (201.8 ± 71.2 µmmol/L). However, mangiferin did not decrease the serum urate levels in normal mice until mangiferin was up to 100 mg/kg. In addition, the hepatic activities of XDH in hyperuricemic mice were significantly decreased by mangiferin, while no changes of XOD were observed. Acute toxicity study in mice showed that mangiferin was very safe at a dose of up to 25 g/kg.
DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION
These findings demonstrate that mangiferin has the potential to be developed as a new therapeutic agent for the treatment of hyperuricemia and gout.