Use of high-rate envelope speech cues and their perceptually relevant dynamic range for the hearing impaired.J Acoust Soc Am. 2012 Aug; 132(2):1141-51.JA
The ability of hearing-impaired (HI) listeners to use high-rate envelope information in a competing-talker situation was assessed. In experiment 1, signals were tone vocoded and the cutoff frequency (f(c)) of the envelope extraction filter was either 50 Hz (E filter) or 200 Hz (P filter). The channels for which the P or E filter was used were varied. Intelligibility was higher with the P filter regardless of whether it was used for low or high center frequencies. Performance was best when the P filter was used for all channels. Experiment 2 explored the dynamic range over which HI listeners made use of high-rate cues. In each channel of a vocoder, the envelope extracted using f(c) = 16 Hz was replaced by the envelope extracted using f(c) = 300 Hz, either at the peaks or valleys, with a parametrically varied "switching threshold." For a target-to-background ratio of +5 dB, changes in speech intelligibility occurred mainly when the switching threshold was between -8 and +8 dB relative to the channel root-mean-square level. This range is similar in width to, but about 3 dB higher in absolute level than, that found for normal-hearing listeners, despite the reduced dynamic range of the HI listeners.