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Links between infant temperament and neurophysiological measures of attention to happy and fearful faces.
J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2012 Nov; 53(11):1118-27.JC

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Developing control of attention helps infants to regulate their emotions, and individual differences in attention skills may shape how infants perceive and respond to their socio-emotional environments. This study examined whether the temperamental dimensions of self-regulation and negative emotionality relate to infants' attention skills and whether the emotional content of the attended stimulus affects this relation.

METHODS

Event-related potentials provided a neurophysiological index of attention (Nc) while 3 to 13-month-old infants viewed images of happy and fearful facial expressions. Temperament was measured via parent report using the Infant Behavior Questionnaire-Revised.

RESULTS

The peak latency of the Nc was slower for infants with lower regulatory capacity, independent of facial expression. The amplitude of the Nc over right fronto-central electrodes was related to both self-regulation and negative emotionality, but the effects differed by emotion: infants with better self-regulation had larger Nc responses to fearful faces, and infants scoring higher on negative emotionality had larger Nc responses to happy faces. These results are discussed in relation to the development of executive attention networks and their modulation by the amygdala.

Authors+Show Affiliations

UCL Institute of Child Health, London, UK.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22897248

Citation

Martinos, Marina, et al. "Links Between Infant Temperament and Neurophysiological Measures of Attention to Happy and Fearful Faces." Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines, vol. 53, no. 11, 2012, pp. 1118-27.
Martinos M, Matheson A, de Haan M. Links between infant temperament and neurophysiological measures of attention to happy and fearful faces. J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2012;53(11):1118-27.
Martinos, M., Matheson, A., & de Haan, M. (2012). Links between infant temperament and neurophysiological measures of attention to happy and fearful faces. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines, 53(11), 1118-27. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7610.2012.02599.x
Martinos M, Matheson A, de Haan M. Links Between Infant Temperament and Neurophysiological Measures of Attention to Happy and Fearful Faces. J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2012;53(11):1118-27. PubMed PMID: 22897248.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Links between infant temperament and neurophysiological measures of attention to happy and fearful faces. AU - Martinos,Marina, AU - Matheson,Anna, AU - de Haan,Michelle, Y1 - 2012/08/17/ PY - 2012/8/18/entrez PY - 2012/8/18/pubmed PY - 2013/4/9/medline SP - 1118 EP - 27 JF - Journal of child psychology and psychiatry, and allied disciplines JO - J Child Psychol Psychiatry VL - 53 IS - 11 N2 - BACKGROUND: Developing control of attention helps infants to regulate their emotions, and individual differences in attention skills may shape how infants perceive and respond to their socio-emotional environments. This study examined whether the temperamental dimensions of self-regulation and negative emotionality relate to infants' attention skills and whether the emotional content of the attended stimulus affects this relation. METHODS: Event-related potentials provided a neurophysiological index of attention (Nc) while 3 to 13-month-old infants viewed images of happy and fearful facial expressions. Temperament was measured via parent report using the Infant Behavior Questionnaire-Revised. RESULTS: The peak latency of the Nc was slower for infants with lower regulatory capacity, independent of facial expression. The amplitude of the Nc over right fronto-central electrodes was related to both self-regulation and negative emotionality, but the effects differed by emotion: infants with better self-regulation had larger Nc responses to fearful faces, and infants scoring higher on negative emotionality had larger Nc responses to happy faces. These results are discussed in relation to the development of executive attention networks and their modulation by the amygdala. SN - 1469-7610 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22897248/Links_between_infant_temperament_and_neurophysiological_measures_of_attention_to_happy_and_fearful_faces_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7610.2012.02599.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -