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Lunchtime food and nutrient intakes of secondary-school pupils; a comparison of school lunches and packed lunches following the introduction of mandatory food-based standards for school lunch.
Public Health Nutr. 2013 Jun; 16(6):1126-31.PH

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To compare the key differences between school lunches and packed lunches as eaten in eleven secondary schools in England, 21 months after the food-based standards for school lunch became mandatory, but before the introduction of nutrient-based standards.

DESIGN

Data on 358 school lunches and 139 packed lunches were collected in May and June 2008 from pupils attending secondary schools in Sheffield, Manchester, Leicester City and Essex. Fieldwork was conducted over five consecutive school days at each school. Fieldworkers randomly selected five pupils taking a school lunch and five pupils bringing a packed lunch each day. All food and drink items chosen by pupils were weighed and recorded. Leftovers were also weighed.

SETTING

Eleven state-maintained, co-educational secondary schools from four local authorities in England.

SUBJECTS

Four hundred and ninety-seven pupils aged 11-16 years.

RESULTS

Pupils taking school lunches, on average, had significantly higher intakes of energy, protein, carbohydrate, NSP, vitamin C, folate, Fe and Zn than pupils bringing a packed lunch to school. Mean intakes of protein, fat and vitamin C from both types of lunch met the nutrient-based standards and school lunches also met standards for carbohydrate, NSP and energy.

CONCLUSIONS

Nutrient intakes from school lunches were more favourable than those from packed lunches, but typically failed to meet nutrient-based standards for school food. A combination of continued improvements to school food, educating pupils to make healthier choices and policies to encourage pupils to eat at school or bring healthier packed lunches is needed.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Children's Food Trust, East Parade, Sheffield S1 2ET, UK.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22916714

Citation

Pearce, Jo, et al. "Lunchtime Food and Nutrient Intakes of Secondary-school Pupils; a Comparison of School Lunches and Packed Lunches Following the Introduction of Mandatory Food-based Standards for School Lunch." Public Health Nutrition, vol. 16, no. 6, 2013, pp. 1126-31.
Pearce J, Wood L, Nelson M. Lunchtime food and nutrient intakes of secondary-school pupils; a comparison of school lunches and packed lunches following the introduction of mandatory food-based standards for school lunch. Public Health Nutr. 2013;16(6):1126-31.
Pearce, J., Wood, L., & Nelson, M. (2013). Lunchtime food and nutrient intakes of secondary-school pupils; a comparison of school lunches and packed lunches following the introduction of mandatory food-based standards for school lunch. Public Health Nutrition, 16(6), 1126-31. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980012003928
Pearce J, Wood L, Nelson M. Lunchtime Food and Nutrient Intakes of Secondary-school Pupils; a Comparison of School Lunches and Packed Lunches Following the Introduction of Mandatory Food-based Standards for School Lunch. Public Health Nutr. 2013;16(6):1126-31. PubMed PMID: 22916714.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Lunchtime food and nutrient intakes of secondary-school pupils; a comparison of school lunches and packed lunches following the introduction of mandatory food-based standards for school lunch. AU - Pearce,Jo, AU - Wood,Lesley, AU - Nelson,Michael, Y1 - 2012/08/24/ PY - 2012/8/25/entrez PY - 2012/8/25/pubmed PY - 2013/12/18/medline SP - 1126 EP - 31 JF - Public health nutrition JO - Public Health Nutr VL - 16 IS - 6 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To compare the key differences between school lunches and packed lunches as eaten in eleven secondary schools in England, 21 months after the food-based standards for school lunch became mandatory, but before the introduction of nutrient-based standards. DESIGN: Data on 358 school lunches and 139 packed lunches were collected in May and June 2008 from pupils attending secondary schools in Sheffield, Manchester, Leicester City and Essex. Fieldwork was conducted over five consecutive school days at each school. Fieldworkers randomly selected five pupils taking a school lunch and five pupils bringing a packed lunch each day. All food and drink items chosen by pupils were weighed and recorded. Leftovers were also weighed. SETTING: Eleven state-maintained, co-educational secondary schools from four local authorities in England. SUBJECTS: Four hundred and ninety-seven pupils aged 11-16 years. RESULTS: Pupils taking school lunches, on average, had significantly higher intakes of energy, protein, carbohydrate, NSP, vitamin C, folate, Fe and Zn than pupils bringing a packed lunch to school. Mean intakes of protein, fat and vitamin C from both types of lunch met the nutrient-based standards and school lunches also met standards for carbohydrate, NSP and energy. CONCLUSIONS: Nutrient intakes from school lunches were more favourable than those from packed lunches, but typically failed to meet nutrient-based standards for school food. A combination of continued improvements to school food, educating pupils to make healthier choices and policies to encourage pupils to eat at school or bring healthier packed lunches is needed. SN - 1475-2727 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22916714/Lunchtime_food_and_nutrient_intakes_of_secondary_school_pupils L2 - https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S1368980012003928/type/journal_article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -