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Weight-related actual and ideal self-states, discrepancies, and shame, guilt, and pride: examining associations within the process model of self-conscious emotions.
Body Image. 2012 Sep; 9(4):488-94.BI

Abstract

The aim of this study was to examine the associations between women's actual:ideal weight-related self-discrepancies and experiences of weight-related shame, guilt, and authentic pride using self-discrepancy (Higgins, 1987) and self-conscious emotion (Tracy & Robins, 2004) theories as guiding frameworks. Participants (N=398) completed self-report questionnaires. Main analyses involved polynomial regressions, followed by the computation and evaluation of response surface values. Actual and ideal weight self-states were related to shame (R2 = .35), guilt (R2 = .25), and authentic pride (R2 = .08). When the discrepancy between actual and ideal weights increased, shame and guilt also increased, while authentic pride decreased. Findings provide partial support for self-discrepancy theory and the process model of self-conscious emotions. Experiencing weight-related self-discrepancies may be important cognitive appraisals related to shame, guilt, and authentic pride. Further research is needed exploring the relations between self-discrepancies and a range of weight-related self-conscious emotions.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Kinesiology and Physical Education, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada. andree.castonguay@mail.mcgill.caNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22921162

Citation

Castonguay, Andree L., et al. "Weight-related Actual and Ideal Self-states, Discrepancies, and Shame, Guilt, and Pride: Examining Associations Within the Process Model of Self-conscious Emotions." Body Image, vol. 9, no. 4, 2012, pp. 488-94.
Castonguay AL, Brunet J, Ferguson L, et al. Weight-related actual and ideal self-states, discrepancies, and shame, guilt, and pride: examining associations within the process model of self-conscious emotions. Body Image. 2012;9(4):488-94.
Castonguay, A. L., Brunet, J., Ferguson, L., & Sabiston, C. M. (2012). Weight-related actual and ideal self-states, discrepancies, and shame, guilt, and pride: examining associations within the process model of self-conscious emotions. Body Image, 9(4), 488-94. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2012.07.003
Castonguay AL, et al. Weight-related Actual and Ideal Self-states, Discrepancies, and Shame, Guilt, and Pride: Examining Associations Within the Process Model of Self-conscious Emotions. Body Image. 2012;9(4):488-94. PubMed PMID: 22921162.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Weight-related actual and ideal self-states, discrepancies, and shame, guilt, and pride: examining associations within the process model of self-conscious emotions. AU - Castonguay,Andree L, AU - Brunet,Jennifer, AU - Ferguson,Leah, AU - Sabiston,Catherine M, Y1 - 2012/08/21/ PY - 2012/02/01/received PY - 2012/07/17/revised PY - 2012/07/17/accepted PY - 2012/8/28/entrez PY - 2012/8/28/pubmed PY - 2013/3/26/medline SP - 488 EP - 94 JF - Body image JO - Body Image VL - 9 IS - 4 N2 - The aim of this study was to examine the associations between women's actual:ideal weight-related self-discrepancies and experiences of weight-related shame, guilt, and authentic pride using self-discrepancy (Higgins, 1987) and self-conscious emotion (Tracy & Robins, 2004) theories as guiding frameworks. Participants (N=398) completed self-report questionnaires. Main analyses involved polynomial regressions, followed by the computation and evaluation of response surface values. Actual and ideal weight self-states were related to shame (R2 = .35), guilt (R2 = .25), and authentic pride (R2 = .08). When the discrepancy between actual and ideal weights increased, shame and guilt also increased, while authentic pride decreased. Findings provide partial support for self-discrepancy theory and the process model of self-conscious emotions. Experiencing weight-related self-discrepancies may be important cognitive appraisals related to shame, guilt, and authentic pride. Further research is needed exploring the relations between self-discrepancies and a range of weight-related self-conscious emotions. SN - 1873-6807 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22921162/Weight_related_actual_and_ideal_self_states_discrepancies_and_shame_guilt_and_pride:_examining_associations_within_the_process_model_of_self_conscious_emotions_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1740-1445(12)00089-7 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -