Oxidative stress and antioxidant capacity in patients with chronic pancreatitis with and without diabetes mellitus.Indian J Gastroenterol. 2012 Sep; 31(5):226-31.IJ
To determine oxidant stress and antioxidant capacity in chronic pancreatitis (CP) patients with and without diabetes mellitus.
This study is a secondary data analysis of our earlier study on 127 (male = 86) patients with CP, grouped as those with diabetes (case; n = 23) and those without diabetes (control). Markers of antioxidant status included vitamins A and E, total antioxidant capacity (TAC; measured as ferric-reducing ability of plasma [FRAP]), and total glutathione (T-GSH). Markers for oxidative stress included lipid peroxidation, measured as thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) and serum superoxide dismutase (s-SOD).
Patients with diabetes were older (mean [SD] age 36.4 [9.7] vs. 29.3 [10.0] years; p = 0.032), had longer duration of CP [4 (0.3-21) vs. 3 (0.3-24) years; p = 0.07), and had a lower TAC (269.8 [92.4] vs. 355.5 [128.6] μmoles Fe(+2) liberated; p = 0.003) compared to those without diabetes. In multiple logistic regression analysis taking all exploratory variables, FRAP (<270 μmoles Fe(+2) liberated) was associated with diabetes independent of duration of CP, age of patients, and TBARS levels. However, oxidative stress levels were not different between diabetic and nondiabetic patients.
Diabetes was found to be associated with longer duration of CP and with low antioxidant capacity. Further studies will be needed to evaluate a causal association.