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Eating competence of Hispanic parents is associated with attitudes and behaviors that may mediate fruit and vegetable-related behaviors of 4th grade youth.
J Nutr. 2012 Oct; 142(10):1903-9.JN

Abstract

Parent self-efficacy, outcome expectancies, and behaviors toward cooking and fruits and vegetables mediate children's eating. Eating competence, an intra-individual approach to food-related attitudes and behaviors, is associated with healthful outcomes but has not been studied as a moderator of parent food-related behaviors that mediate healthful eating in 4th grade children. Parents (n = 339; 78% Hispanic, 89% female) of 4th graders who participated in an impact study of the Cooking with Kids curriculum in Santa Fe, NM schools eligible for Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Education completed the following surveys: Satter eating competence inventory for low-income (ecSI/LI) (16 items, Likert scale, possible score 0-48); modeling behaviors related to food preparation and fruits/vegetables (11 items, Likert scale, possible score 0-33); self-efficacy/outcome expectancies (SE/OE) (12 items, Likert scale, possible score 12-60); and availability of fruits/vegetables (20 items, possible score 0-20). Higher scores indicate more desired behaviors. The mean ecSI/LI score was 33.6 ± 8.5; 59% were eating competent, i.e., ecSI/LI ≥ 32. Eating-competent parents demonstrated more modeling (16.3 ± 5.0 vs. 14.0 ± 4.3; P < 0.001), greater SE/OE (53.7 ± 10.1 vs. 51.2 ± 8.5; P = 0.03), and greater in-home fruit/vegetable availability (12.7 ± 3.0 vs. 11.9 ± 3.2; P = 0.02). Two clusters of modeling behavior were defined: achievers and strivers. Modeling achievers (34.9 ± 6.9) were more eating competent (P < 0.001) than strivers (30.3 ± 8.9). Eating competence moderated parent food-related behaviors. Measuring eating competence may contribute to understanding parent behavior as a mediator in school-based nutrition interventions.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Nutritional Sciences, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA. lohseb@psu.eduNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22933747

Citation

Lohse, Barbara, and Leslie Cunningham-Sabo. "Eating Competence of Hispanic Parents Is Associated With Attitudes and Behaviors That May Mediate Fruit and Vegetable-related Behaviors of 4th Grade Youth." The Journal of Nutrition, vol. 142, no. 10, 2012, pp. 1903-9.
Lohse B, Cunningham-Sabo L. Eating competence of Hispanic parents is associated with attitudes and behaviors that may mediate fruit and vegetable-related behaviors of 4th grade youth. J Nutr. 2012;142(10):1903-9.
Lohse, B., & Cunningham-Sabo, L. (2012). Eating competence of Hispanic parents is associated with attitudes and behaviors that may mediate fruit and vegetable-related behaviors of 4th grade youth. The Journal of Nutrition, 142(10), 1903-9.
Lohse B, Cunningham-Sabo L. Eating Competence of Hispanic Parents Is Associated With Attitudes and Behaviors That May Mediate Fruit and Vegetable-related Behaviors of 4th Grade Youth. J Nutr. 2012;142(10):1903-9. PubMed PMID: 22933747.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Eating competence of Hispanic parents is associated with attitudes and behaviors that may mediate fruit and vegetable-related behaviors of 4th grade youth. AU - Lohse,Barbara, AU - Cunningham-Sabo,Leslie, Y1 - 2012/08/29/ PY - 2012/8/31/entrez PY - 2012/8/31/pubmed PY - 2012/12/10/medline SP - 1903 EP - 9 JF - The Journal of nutrition JO - J. Nutr. VL - 142 IS - 10 N2 - Parent self-efficacy, outcome expectancies, and behaviors toward cooking and fruits and vegetables mediate children's eating. Eating competence, an intra-individual approach to food-related attitudes and behaviors, is associated with healthful outcomes but has not been studied as a moderator of parent food-related behaviors that mediate healthful eating in 4th grade children. Parents (n = 339; 78% Hispanic, 89% female) of 4th graders who participated in an impact study of the Cooking with Kids curriculum in Santa Fe, NM schools eligible for Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Education completed the following surveys: Satter eating competence inventory for low-income (ecSI/LI) (16 items, Likert scale, possible score 0-48); modeling behaviors related to food preparation and fruits/vegetables (11 items, Likert scale, possible score 0-33); self-efficacy/outcome expectancies (SE/OE) (12 items, Likert scale, possible score 12-60); and availability of fruits/vegetables (20 items, possible score 0-20). Higher scores indicate more desired behaviors. The mean ecSI/LI score was 33.6 ± 8.5; 59% were eating competent, i.e., ecSI/LI ≥ 32. Eating-competent parents demonstrated more modeling (16.3 ± 5.0 vs. 14.0 ± 4.3; P < 0.001), greater SE/OE (53.7 ± 10.1 vs. 51.2 ± 8.5; P = 0.03), and greater in-home fruit/vegetable availability (12.7 ± 3.0 vs. 11.9 ± 3.2; P = 0.02). Two clusters of modeling behavior were defined: achievers and strivers. Modeling achievers (34.9 ± 6.9) were more eating competent (P < 0.001) than strivers (30.3 ± 8.9). Eating competence moderated parent food-related behaviors. Measuring eating competence may contribute to understanding parent behavior as a mediator in school-based nutrition interventions. SN - 1541-6100 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22933747/Eating_competence_of_Hispanic_parents_is_associated_with_attitudes_and_behaviors_that_may_mediate_fruit_and_vegetable_related_behaviors_of_4th_grade_youth_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/jn/article-lookup/doi/10.3945/jn.112.164269 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -