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Therapeutic effect of organoselenium dietary supplementation in a sporadic dementia of Alzheimer's type model in rats.
J Nutr Biochem. 2013 Jan; 24(1):311-7.JN

Abstract

It is known that selenium (Se) might play different roles in the progression of Alzheimer's disease (AD), but there is a lack of evidence that proves whether supplementation with Se is beneficial or not for the treatment of AD. Thus, the aim of the current study was to investigate the therapeutic effect of p,p'-methoxyl-diphenyl diselenide [(MeOPhSe)(2)], an organoselenium compound, against streptozotocin (STZ)-induced sporadic dementia of Alzheimer's type (SDAT) in rats. Male Wistar rats received STZ twice daily (1.0 mg/8 μl; 4 μl/ventricle) for 21 days. After 21 days of STZ injection, regular-diet-fed rats were supplemented with 10 ppm of (MeOPhSe)(2) during 30 days. At the end of this period, the rats were challenged in the Morris water maze and step-down passive avoidance tasks. The activity of acetylcholinesterase (AChE), deficit in cerebral energy metabolism (measurement of adenosine 5-triphosphate and adenosine 5-diphosphate levels), and oxidative and nitrosative stress were determined in the cortex and hippocampus of rats. The results demonstrated that (MeOPhSe)(2) dietary supplementation reverted STZ-induced memory impairment of rats in both cognitive tasks. The findings also indicated that (MeOPhSe)(2) dietary supplementation reverted oxidative stress in the STZ group (decreased reactive species and tyrosine nitration levels and enhanced nonprotein thiol levels). Moreover, (MeOPhSe)(2) dietary supplementation normalized AChE activity, which was enhanced by STZ injection, but did not revert the deficit in cerebral energy metabolism caused by STZ. The results of the present study indicated the therapeutic effect of the (MeOPhSe)(2)-supplemented diet in a rat model of SDAT.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Departamento de Química, Centro de Ciências Naturais e Exatas, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, SM, RS, CEP 97105-900 Santa Maria, Brazil.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22959057

Citation

Pinton, Simone, et al. "Therapeutic Effect of Organoselenium Dietary Supplementation in a Sporadic Dementia of Alzheimer's Type Model in Rats." The Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry, vol. 24, no. 1, 2013, pp. 311-7.
Pinton S, Brüning CA, Sartori Oliveira CE, et al. Therapeutic effect of organoselenium dietary supplementation in a sporadic dementia of Alzheimer's type model in rats. J Nutr Biochem. 2013;24(1):311-7.
Pinton, S., Brüning, C. A., Sartori Oliveira, C. E., Prigol, M., & Nogueira, C. W. (2013). Therapeutic effect of organoselenium dietary supplementation in a sporadic dementia of Alzheimer's type model in rats. The Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry, 24(1), 311-7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnutbio.2012.06.012
Pinton S, et al. Therapeutic Effect of Organoselenium Dietary Supplementation in a Sporadic Dementia of Alzheimer's Type Model in Rats. J Nutr Biochem. 2013;24(1):311-7. PubMed PMID: 22959057.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Therapeutic effect of organoselenium dietary supplementation in a sporadic dementia of Alzheimer's type model in rats. AU - Pinton,Simone, AU - Brüning,César A, AU - Sartori Oliveira,Carla E, AU - Prigol,Marina, AU - Nogueira,Cristina Wayne, Y1 - 2012/09/05/ PY - 2011/10/26/received PY - 2012/05/11/revised PY - 2012/06/12/accepted PY - 2012/9/11/entrez PY - 2012/9/11/pubmed PY - 2013/5/28/medline SP - 311 EP - 7 JF - The Journal of nutritional biochemistry JO - J Nutr Biochem VL - 24 IS - 1 N2 - It is known that selenium (Se) might play different roles in the progression of Alzheimer's disease (AD), but there is a lack of evidence that proves whether supplementation with Se is beneficial or not for the treatment of AD. Thus, the aim of the current study was to investigate the therapeutic effect of p,p'-methoxyl-diphenyl diselenide [(MeOPhSe)(2)], an organoselenium compound, against streptozotocin (STZ)-induced sporadic dementia of Alzheimer's type (SDAT) in rats. Male Wistar rats received STZ twice daily (1.0 mg/8 μl; 4 μl/ventricle) for 21 days. After 21 days of STZ injection, regular-diet-fed rats were supplemented with 10 ppm of (MeOPhSe)(2) during 30 days. At the end of this period, the rats were challenged in the Morris water maze and step-down passive avoidance tasks. The activity of acetylcholinesterase (AChE), deficit in cerebral energy metabolism (measurement of adenosine 5-triphosphate and adenosine 5-diphosphate levels), and oxidative and nitrosative stress were determined in the cortex and hippocampus of rats. The results demonstrated that (MeOPhSe)(2) dietary supplementation reverted STZ-induced memory impairment of rats in both cognitive tasks. The findings also indicated that (MeOPhSe)(2) dietary supplementation reverted oxidative stress in the STZ group (decreased reactive species and tyrosine nitration levels and enhanced nonprotein thiol levels). Moreover, (MeOPhSe)(2) dietary supplementation normalized AChE activity, which was enhanced by STZ injection, but did not revert the deficit in cerebral energy metabolism caused by STZ. The results of the present study indicated the therapeutic effect of the (MeOPhSe)(2)-supplemented diet in a rat model of SDAT. SN - 1873-4847 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22959057/Therapeutic_effect_of_organoselenium_dietary_supplementation_in_a_sporadic_dementia_of_Alzheimer's_type_model_in_rats_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0955-2863(12)00176-3 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -