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A comparison of the teamwork attitudes and knowledge of Irish surgeons and U.S Naval aviators.
Surgeon. 2012 Oct; 10(5):278-82.S

Abstract

Poor teamwork skills are contributors to poor performance and mishaps in high risk work settings, including the operating theatre. A questionnaire was used to assess the attitudes towards, and knowledge of, Irish surgeons (n = 72) towards the human factors that contribute to mishaps and poor teamwork in high risk environments. The responses were compared to those obtained from U.S. Naval aviators (n = 552 for the attitude questions, and n = 172 for the knowledge test). U.S. Naval aviators were found to be significantly more knowledgeable, and held attitudes that were significantly more positive towards effective teamworking than the surgeons. Moreover, 78.9% of Senior House Officers and Registrars stated that junior personnel were frequently afraid to speak-up (compared with 31.3% of Consultants). Only 7.3% of surgeons stated that an adequate pre-operative brief team brief was frequently conducted, and only 15% stated that an adequate post-operative team brief was frequently conducted. It is suggested that the human factors training currently provided to surgeons in Ireland is a positive first step. However, there is a need to stress the importance of assertiveness in juniors, listening in seniors, and more reinforcement of good teamworking behaviours in the operating theatre.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Centre for Innovation and Structural Change and the Academic Department of Otolaryngology, National University of Ireland, Galway, Ireland. poc73@hotmail.comNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22959161

Citation

O'Connor, Paul, et al. "A Comparison of the Teamwork Attitudes and Knowledge of Irish Surgeons and U.S Naval Aviators." The Surgeon : Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland, vol. 10, no. 5, 2012, pp. 278-82.
O'Connor P, Ryan S, Keogh I. A comparison of the teamwork attitudes and knowledge of Irish surgeons and U.S Naval aviators. Surgeon. 2012;10(5):278-82.
O'Connor, P., Ryan, S., & Keogh, I. (2012). A comparison of the teamwork attitudes and knowledge of Irish surgeons and U.S Naval aviators. The Surgeon : Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland, 10(5), 278-82. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.surge.2011.09.001
O'Connor P, Ryan S, Keogh I. A Comparison of the Teamwork Attitudes and Knowledge of Irish Surgeons and U.S Naval Aviators. Surgeon. 2012;10(5):278-82. PubMed PMID: 22959161.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - A comparison of the teamwork attitudes and knowledge of Irish surgeons and U.S Naval aviators. AU - O'Connor,Paul, AU - Ryan,Stephen, AU - Keogh,Ivan, Y1 - 2011/10/05/ PY - 2011/07/08/received PY - 2011/08/23/revised PY - 2011/09/01/accepted PY - 2012/9/11/entrez PY - 2012/9/11/pubmed PY - 2013/1/25/medline SP - 278 EP - 82 JF - The surgeon : journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland JO - Surgeon VL - 10 IS - 5 N2 - Poor teamwork skills are contributors to poor performance and mishaps in high risk work settings, including the operating theatre. A questionnaire was used to assess the attitudes towards, and knowledge of, Irish surgeons (n = 72) towards the human factors that contribute to mishaps and poor teamwork in high risk environments. The responses were compared to those obtained from U.S. Naval aviators (n = 552 for the attitude questions, and n = 172 for the knowledge test). U.S. Naval aviators were found to be significantly more knowledgeable, and held attitudes that were significantly more positive towards effective teamworking than the surgeons. Moreover, 78.9% of Senior House Officers and Registrars stated that junior personnel were frequently afraid to speak-up (compared with 31.3% of Consultants). Only 7.3% of surgeons stated that an adequate pre-operative brief team brief was frequently conducted, and only 15% stated that an adequate post-operative team brief was frequently conducted. It is suggested that the human factors training currently provided to surgeons in Ireland is a positive first step. However, there is a need to stress the importance of assertiveness in juniors, listening in seniors, and more reinforcement of good teamworking behaviours in the operating theatre. SN - 1479-666X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22959161/A_comparison_of_the_teamwork_attitudes_and_knowledge_of_Irish_surgeons_and_U_S_Naval_aviators_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1479-666X(11)00124-7 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -