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Effects of autistic traits on social and school adjustment in children and adolescents: the moderating roles of age and gender.
Res Dev Disabil. 2013 Jan; 34(1):254-65.RD

Abstract

This study examined the associations between children's and adolescents' autistic-like social deficits and school and social adjustment as well as the moderating roles of age and gender in these associations. The sample consisted of 1321 students (48.7% boys) in Grade 1 to Grade 8 from northern Taiwan. Children's and adolescents' autistic-like social deficits were assessed using the Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS), and their school and social adjustment (i.e., academic performance, negative attitudes toward schoolwork/teachers/classmates, behavioral problems at schools, negative peer relationships, and problems with peers) were assessed using the Social Adjustment Inventory for Children and Adolescents (SAICA). Both measures were completed by the mothers of the participants. Results from the linear mixed models demonstrated that autistic-like social deficits were associated with poor academic performance, negative attitudes toward schoolwork, teachers, and classmates, behavioral problems at schools, negative peer relationships, and problematic peer interactions. Moreover, gender and/or age moderated the associations between autistic-like social deficits and school and social adjustment problems. For example, autistic-like social deficits were more strongly related to negative school attitude, school social problems, and negative peer relationships in boys than in girls. Further, autistic-like social deficits were more strongly related to problems with peers in older girls than in older boys or younger children (regardless of gender). In conclusion, the present study suggests that autistic-like social deficits may place children and adolescents at increased risk for social and school maladjustment and that the extent of maladjustment may vary with the child's age and gender and the domains of adjustment under discussion.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychiatry, National Taiwan University Hospital, No 7 Chung-Shan South Road, Taipei, Taiwan. meinihsi@ntuh.gov.twNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22960068

Citation

Hsiao, Mei-Ni, et al. "Effects of Autistic Traits On Social and School Adjustment in Children and Adolescents: the Moderating Roles of Age and Gender." Research in Developmental Disabilities, vol. 34, no. 1, 2013, pp. 254-65.
Hsiao MN, Tseng WL, Huang HY, et al. Effects of autistic traits on social and school adjustment in children and adolescents: the moderating roles of age and gender. Res Dev Disabil. 2013;34(1):254-65.
Hsiao, M. N., Tseng, W. L., Huang, H. Y., & Gau, S. S. (2013). Effects of autistic traits on social and school adjustment in children and adolescents: the moderating roles of age and gender. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 34(1), 254-65. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ridd.2012.08.001
Hsiao MN, et al. Effects of Autistic Traits On Social and School Adjustment in Children and Adolescents: the Moderating Roles of Age and Gender. Res Dev Disabil. 2013;34(1):254-65. PubMed PMID: 22960068.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Effects of autistic traits on social and school adjustment in children and adolescents: the moderating roles of age and gender. AU - Hsiao,Mei-Ni, AU - Tseng,Wan-Ling, AU - Huang,Hui-Yi, AU - Gau,Susan Shur-Fen, Y1 - 2012/09/07/ PY - 2012/04/12/received PY - 2012/07/29/revised PY - 2012/08/03/accepted PY - 2012/9/11/entrez PY - 2012/9/11/pubmed PY - 2013/5/23/medline SP - 254 EP - 65 JF - Research in developmental disabilities JO - Res Dev Disabil VL - 34 IS - 1 N2 - This study examined the associations between children's and adolescents' autistic-like social deficits and school and social adjustment as well as the moderating roles of age and gender in these associations. The sample consisted of 1321 students (48.7% boys) in Grade 1 to Grade 8 from northern Taiwan. Children's and adolescents' autistic-like social deficits were assessed using the Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS), and their school and social adjustment (i.e., academic performance, negative attitudes toward schoolwork/teachers/classmates, behavioral problems at schools, negative peer relationships, and problems with peers) were assessed using the Social Adjustment Inventory for Children and Adolescents (SAICA). Both measures were completed by the mothers of the participants. Results from the linear mixed models demonstrated that autistic-like social deficits were associated with poor academic performance, negative attitudes toward schoolwork, teachers, and classmates, behavioral problems at schools, negative peer relationships, and problematic peer interactions. Moreover, gender and/or age moderated the associations between autistic-like social deficits and school and social adjustment problems. For example, autistic-like social deficits were more strongly related to negative school attitude, school social problems, and negative peer relationships in boys than in girls. Further, autistic-like social deficits were more strongly related to problems with peers in older girls than in older boys or younger children (regardless of gender). In conclusion, the present study suggests that autistic-like social deficits may place children and adolescents at increased risk for social and school maladjustment and that the extent of maladjustment may vary with the child's age and gender and the domains of adjustment under discussion. SN - 1873-3379 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22960068/Effects_of_autistic_traits_on_social_and_school_adjustment_in_children_and_adolescents:_the_moderating_roles_of_age_and_gender_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0891-4222(12)00198-9 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -