Plasmodium chabaudi AS: distinct CD4(+)CD25(+)Foxp3(+) regulatory T cell responses during infection in DBA/2 and BALB/c mice.Parasitol Int 2013; 62(1):24-31PI
Malaria infections display variation patterns of clinical course and outcome. Although CD4(+)CD25(+)Foxp3(+) regulatory T (Treg) cells play an essential role in immune homeostasis, the immune regulatory roles involved in malaria infection remains to be elucidated. Herein, we compared the disparity in Treg cells response during the course of blood stage Plasmodium chabaudi chabaudi AS (P. c chabaudi AS) infection in DBA/2 and BALB/c mice. BALB/c mice initiated a Th1/Th2 profile respond to P. c chabaudi AS infection, but DBA/2 mice failed to control P. c chabaudi AS infection and almost of them died post-peak parasitemia. At the peak parasitemia, we found that higher proportion of Treg cells with elevated Foxp3 expression in DBA/2 than in BALB/c mice. We used anti-CD25 mAb to deplete Treg cells and found that the survival time and rate were prolonged in DBA/2 mice treated with anti-CD25 mAb. Treatment with anti-CD25 mAb in vivo led to enhanced pro-inflammation responses and Foxp3 expression decline on Treg cells. In contrast, after DBA/2 was treatment with anti-IL-10R mAb, IL-10R blockade in vivo caused excessive pro-inflammation responses and Foxp3 expression loss on CD4(+)CD25(+) T cells. Earlier death was found in all of DBA/2 mice with anti-IL-10R mAb. It suggested that IL-2 and IL-10 signal involved in maintaining Foxp3 expression on Treg cells. In all, the moderate suppressive activity of Treg cells may facilitate resistance to P. c chabaudi AS infection.