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Relations between the underlying dimensions of PTSD and major depression using an epidemiological survey of deployed Ohio National Guard soldiers.
J Affect Disord 2013; 144(1-2):106-11JA

Abstract

BACKGROUND

In the present study, the authors investigated the relationship between the underlying symptom dimensions of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and dimensions of major depressive disorder (MDD).

METHOD

A sample of 1266 Ohio National Guard soldiers with a history of overseas deployment participated and were administered the PTSD Checklist (assessing PTSD) and Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (assessing depression).

RESULTS

Using confirmatory factor analysis, results demonstrated that both PTSD's dysphoria and hyperarousal factors were more related to depression's somatic than non-somatic factor. Furthermore, depression's somatic factor was more related to PTSD's dysphoria than hyperarousal factor.

LIMITATIONS

Limitations of this study include the use of self-report measures and a predominately male military sample.

CONCLUSIONS

Results indicate that PTSD's dysphoria factor is related to depression specifically by way of depression's somatic construct. Given PTSD's substantial dysphoria/distress component, these results have implications for understanding the nature of PTSD's high comorbidity with depression.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, University of Toledo, Mail Stop #948, 2801 West Bancroft Street, Toledo, OH 43606-3390, United States.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22974471

Citation

Biehn, Tracey L., et al. "Relations Between the Underlying Dimensions of PTSD and Major Depression Using an Epidemiological Survey of Deployed Ohio National Guard Soldiers." Journal of Affective Disorders, vol. 144, no. 1-2, 2013, pp. 106-11.
Biehn TL, Contractor A, Elhai JD, et al. Relations between the underlying dimensions of PTSD and major depression using an epidemiological survey of deployed Ohio National Guard soldiers. J Affect Disord. 2013;144(1-2):106-11.
Biehn, T. L., Contractor, A., Elhai, J. D., Tamburrino, M., Fine, T. H., Prescott, M. R., ... Galea, S. (2013). Relations between the underlying dimensions of PTSD and major depression using an epidemiological survey of deployed Ohio National Guard soldiers. Journal of Affective Disorders, 144(1-2), pp. 106-11. doi:10.1016/j.jad.2012.06.013.
Biehn TL, et al. Relations Between the Underlying Dimensions of PTSD and Major Depression Using an Epidemiological Survey of Deployed Ohio National Guard Soldiers. J Affect Disord. 2013 Jan 10;144(1-2):106-11. PubMed PMID: 22974471.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Relations between the underlying dimensions of PTSD and major depression using an epidemiological survey of deployed Ohio National Guard soldiers. AU - Biehn,Tracey L, AU - Contractor,Ateka, AU - Elhai,Jon D, AU - Tamburrino,Marijo, AU - Fine,Thomas H, AU - Prescott,Marta R, AU - Shirley,Edwin, AU - Chan,Philip K, AU - Slembarski,Renee, AU - Liberzon,Israel, AU - Calabrese,Joseph R, AU - Galea,Sandro, Y1 - 2012/09/10/ PY - 2012/05/16/received PY - 2012/06/12/accepted PY - 2012/9/15/entrez PY - 2012/9/15/pubmed PY - 2013/9/26/medline SP - 106 EP - 11 JF - Journal of affective disorders JO - J Affect Disord VL - 144 IS - 1-2 N2 - BACKGROUND: In the present study, the authors investigated the relationship between the underlying symptom dimensions of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and dimensions of major depressive disorder (MDD). METHOD: A sample of 1266 Ohio National Guard soldiers with a history of overseas deployment participated and were administered the PTSD Checklist (assessing PTSD) and Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (assessing depression). RESULTS: Using confirmatory factor analysis, results demonstrated that both PTSD's dysphoria and hyperarousal factors were more related to depression's somatic than non-somatic factor. Furthermore, depression's somatic factor was more related to PTSD's dysphoria than hyperarousal factor. LIMITATIONS: Limitations of this study include the use of self-report measures and a predominately male military sample. CONCLUSIONS: Results indicate that PTSD's dysphoria factor is related to depression specifically by way of depression's somatic construct. Given PTSD's substantial dysphoria/distress component, these results have implications for understanding the nature of PTSD's high comorbidity with depression. SN - 1573-2517 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22974471/Relations_between_the_underlying_dimensions_of_PTSD_and_major_depression_using_an_epidemiological_survey_of_deployed_Ohio_National_Guard_soldiers_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0165-0327(12)00462-4 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -