Vitamin D metabolism and activity as well as genetic variants of the vitamin D receptor (VDR) in chronic kidney disease patients.J Nephrol. 2013 Jul-Aug; 26(4):636-44.JN
For a long time, the role of vitamin D in chronic kidney disease (CKD) received less attention than treating vitamin D metabolism disorders. Low active vitamin D levels represent one of the most important factors in the pathophysiology of secondary hyperparathyroidism. For this reason, the administration of active vitamin D compounds is commenced during the course of CKD treatment. Moreover, patients with CKD exhibit a high prevalence of hypovitaminosis of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) unrelated to vitamin D intake. However, several studies have recently advanced our knowledge about the effects of both the 25(OH)D and 1,25(OH)2D forms of endogenous vitamin D and the possible beneficial effects of vitamin D treatment. These studies add to the already well-known effects of vitamin D on mineral metabolism. Several studies have hypothesized a link between reduced levels of 25-OH D and a greater cardiovascular risk in the general population. Another important aspect of vitamin D metabolism is the existence of polymorphic genetic variants of the vitamin D receptors (VDRs). Most studies have aimed to determine whether VDR polymorphisms are involved in the development of secondary hyperparathyroidism (sHPT).