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Toward an understanding of the emotion-modulated startle eyeblink reflex: the case of anger.
Psychophysiology. 2012 Nov; 49(11):1509-22.P

Abstract

Three studies investigated the effect of angering pictures on the startle eyeblink response, based on anger's unique identity as an approach-oriented negative affect. In Study 1, eyeblinks to startling noise probes during angering and neutral pictures did not differ, despite angering pictures being rated higher on arousal and anger and more negative in valence. Study 2 replicated Study 1; also, dysphoric participants exhibited potentiated eyeblinks to probes during angering pictures much like those to probes during fear/disgust stimuli. A follow-up study revealed that dysphoric participants rated angering pictures higher in fear. Study 3 again found that eyeblinks to probes during angering and neutral pictures did not differ. Taken together, these results suggest that probes during angering stimuli elicit eyeblinks much like those during neutral stimuli, perhaps due to the competing influences of arousal, valence, and motivation on the startle eyeblink reflex.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Brain Sciences Center, Minneapolis VA Health Care System, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55417, USA. carlypeterson@gmail.comNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22994146

Citation

Peterson, Carly K., and Eddie Harmon-Jones. "Toward an Understanding of the Emotion-modulated Startle Eyeblink Reflex: the Case of Anger." Psychophysiology, vol. 49, no. 11, 2012, pp. 1509-22.
Peterson CK, Harmon-Jones E. Toward an understanding of the emotion-modulated startle eyeblink reflex: the case of anger. Psychophysiology. 2012;49(11):1509-22.
Peterson, C. K., & Harmon-Jones, E. (2012). Toward an understanding of the emotion-modulated startle eyeblink reflex: the case of anger. Psychophysiology, 49(11), 1509-22. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8986.2012.01469.x
Peterson CK, Harmon-Jones E. Toward an Understanding of the Emotion-modulated Startle Eyeblink Reflex: the Case of Anger. Psychophysiology. 2012;49(11):1509-22. PubMed PMID: 22994146.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Toward an understanding of the emotion-modulated startle eyeblink reflex: the case of anger. AU - Peterson,Carly K, AU - Harmon-Jones,Eddie, Y1 - 2012/09/20/ PY - 2012/04/02/received PY - 2012/08/02/accepted PY - 2012/9/22/entrez PY - 2012/9/22/pubmed PY - 2014/4/25/medline SP - 1509 EP - 22 JF - Psychophysiology JO - Psychophysiology VL - 49 IS - 11 N2 - Three studies investigated the effect of angering pictures on the startle eyeblink response, based on anger's unique identity as an approach-oriented negative affect. In Study 1, eyeblinks to startling noise probes during angering and neutral pictures did not differ, despite angering pictures being rated higher on arousal and anger and more negative in valence. Study 2 replicated Study 1; also, dysphoric participants exhibited potentiated eyeblinks to probes during angering pictures much like those to probes during fear/disgust stimuli. A follow-up study revealed that dysphoric participants rated angering pictures higher in fear. Study 3 again found that eyeblinks to probes during angering and neutral pictures did not differ. Taken together, these results suggest that probes during angering stimuli elicit eyeblinks much like those during neutral stimuli, perhaps due to the competing influences of arousal, valence, and motivation on the startle eyeblink reflex. SN - 1540-5958 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22994146/Toward_an_understanding_of_the_emotion_modulated_startle_eyeblink_reflex:_the_case_of_anger_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8986.2012.01469.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -