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Physicochemical and antioxidant properties of Algerian honey.
Molecules. 2012 Sep 20; 17(9):11199-215.M

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to characterize the physical, biochemical and antioxidant properties of Algerian honey samples (n = 4). Physical parameters, such as pH, moisture content, electrical conductivity (EC), total dissolved solids (TDS), color intensity, total sugar and sucrose content were measured. Several biochemical and antioxidant tests were performed to determine the antioxidant properties of the honey samples. The mean pH was 3.84 ± 0.01, and moisture the content was 13.21 ± 0.16%. The mean EC was 0.636 ± 0.001, and the mean TDS was 316.92 ± 0.92. The mean color was 120.58 ± 0.64 mm Pfund, and the mean 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) content was 21.49 mg/kg. The mean total sugar and reducing sugar contents were 67.03 ± 0.68 g/mL and 64.72 ± 0.52 g/g, respectively. The mean sucrose content was 2.29 ± 0.65%. High mean values of phenolic (459.83 ± 1.92 mg gallic acid/kg), flavonoid (54.23 ± 0.62 mg catechin/kg), ascorbic acid (159.70 ± 0.78 mg/kg), AEAC (278.15 ± 4.34 mg/kg), protein (3381.83 ± 6.19 mg/kg) and proline (2131.47 ± 0.90) contents, as well as DPPH (39.57% ± 4.18) and FRAP activities [337.77 ± 1.01 µM Fe (II)/100 g], were also detected, indicating that Algerian honey has a high antioxidant potential. Strong positive correlations were found between flavonoid, proline and ascorbic acid contents and color intensity with DPPH and FRAP values. Thus, the present study revealed that Algerian honey is a good source of antioxidants.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Pharmacology, School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kubang Kerian 16150, Kelantan, Malaysia. drmikhalil@yahoo.comNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22996344

Citation

Khalil, Ibrahim, et al. "Physicochemical and Antioxidant Properties of Algerian Honey." Molecules (Basel, Switzerland), vol. 17, no. 9, 2012, pp. 11199-215.
Khalil I, Moniruzzaman M, Boukraâ L, et al. Physicochemical and antioxidant properties of Algerian honey. Molecules. 2012;17(9):11199-215.
Khalil, I., Moniruzzaman, M., Boukraâ, L., Benhanifia, M., Islam, A., Islam, N., Sulaiman, S. A., & Gan, S. H. (2012). Physicochemical and antioxidant properties of Algerian honey. Molecules (Basel, Switzerland), 17(9), 11199-215.
Khalil I, et al. Physicochemical and Antioxidant Properties of Algerian Honey. Molecules. 2012 Sep 20;17(9):11199-215. PubMed PMID: 22996344.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Physicochemical and antioxidant properties of Algerian honey. AU - Khalil,Ibrahim, AU - Moniruzzaman,Mohammed, AU - Boukraâ,Laïd, AU - Benhanifia,Mokhtar, AU - Islam,Asiful, AU - Islam,Nazmul, AU - Sulaiman,Siti Amrah, AU - Gan,Siew Hua, Y1 - 2012/09/20/ PY - 2012/07/15/received PY - 2012/08/25/revised PY - 2012/09/02/accepted PY - 2012/9/22/entrez PY - 2012/9/22/pubmed PY - 2013/3/8/medline SP - 11199 EP - 215 JF - Molecules (Basel, Switzerland) JO - Molecules VL - 17 IS - 9 N2 - The aim of the present study was to characterize the physical, biochemical and antioxidant properties of Algerian honey samples (n = 4). Physical parameters, such as pH, moisture content, electrical conductivity (EC), total dissolved solids (TDS), color intensity, total sugar and sucrose content were measured. Several biochemical and antioxidant tests were performed to determine the antioxidant properties of the honey samples. The mean pH was 3.84 ± 0.01, and moisture the content was 13.21 ± 0.16%. The mean EC was 0.636 ± 0.001, and the mean TDS was 316.92 ± 0.92. The mean color was 120.58 ± 0.64 mm Pfund, and the mean 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) content was 21.49 mg/kg. The mean total sugar and reducing sugar contents were 67.03 ± 0.68 g/mL and 64.72 ± 0.52 g/g, respectively. The mean sucrose content was 2.29 ± 0.65%. High mean values of phenolic (459.83 ± 1.92 mg gallic acid/kg), flavonoid (54.23 ± 0.62 mg catechin/kg), ascorbic acid (159.70 ± 0.78 mg/kg), AEAC (278.15 ± 4.34 mg/kg), protein (3381.83 ± 6.19 mg/kg) and proline (2131.47 ± 0.90) contents, as well as DPPH (39.57% ± 4.18) and FRAP activities [337.77 ± 1.01 µM Fe (II)/100 g], were also detected, indicating that Algerian honey has a high antioxidant potential. Strong positive correlations were found between flavonoid, proline and ascorbic acid contents and color intensity with DPPH and FRAP values. Thus, the present study revealed that Algerian honey is a good source of antioxidants. SN - 1420-3049 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22996344/Physicochemical_and_antioxidant_properties_of_Algerian_honey_ L2 - http://www.mdpi.com/resolver?pii=molecules170911199 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -