Catalyst-controlled regioselectivity in the synthesis of branched conjugated dienes via aerobic oxidative Heck reactions.J Am Chem Soc 2012; 134(40):16496-9JA
Pd-catalyzed aerobic oxidative coupling of vinylboronic acids and electronically unbiased alkyl olefins provides regioselective access to 1,3-disubstituted conjugated dienes. Catalyst-controlled regioselectivity is achieved by using 2,9-dimethylphenanthroline as a ligand. The observed regioselectivity is opposite to that observed from a traditional (nonoxidative) Heck reaction between a vinyl bromide and an alkene. DFT computational studies reveal that steric effects of the 2,9-dimethylphenanthroline ligand promote C-C bond formation at the internal position of the alkene.