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Are self-adhesive resin cements a valid alternative to conventional resin cements? A laboratory study of the long-term bond strength.
Dent Mater. 2012 Nov; 28(11):1183-90.DM

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

The aim of the study was to test whether or not the shear bond strengths of six self-adhesive resin cements to dentin and to glass-ceramic, 24h and long-term-aged, are similar to the one of a conventional resin cement.

METHODS

Human molars (N=168, n=12 per group) and silicabased glass-ceramic specimens (N=168, n=12 per group) were embedded in acrylic resin and randomly divided into 28 groups. The following resin cements were luted according to the manufacturers' instructions: Clearfil SA (CSA), G-Cem (GCM), SmartCem2 (SMC), SpeedCEM (SPC), RelyX Unicem (RXU), RelyX Unicem2 (RXU2) and Panavia21 (control group, PAN). Shear bond strength was measured initially (24h of water storage 37°C) and after aging (24,000 thermal cycles, 5/55°C). The failure types (adhesive, and cohesive) were evaluated after debonding. The shear bond strength values were analyzed using three-way and one-way ANOVA, followed by a post hoc Scheffé and two-sample Student's t-tests.

RESULTS

RXU, RXU2 and GCM showed similar after 24h and aged shear bond strength to dentin as the control group. CSA, SMC and SPC exhibited significantly lower values. Before aging, none of the bond strength values to glass-ceramic differed significantly from the other. After thermocycling, GCM showed higher results to glass-ceramic than CSA, SMC, RXU2 and the control group. Analyzing failure types after spontaneous debonding and shear bond test at dentin, solely adhesive failures were found, while at glass-ceramic only cohesive failures occurred.

CONCLUSION

Not all self-adhesive resin cements can be a valid alternative to conventional resin cements in order to bond silica-based glass-ceramics to human dentin.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Clinic of Fixed and Removable Prosthodontics and Dental Material Science, Center of Dental Medicine, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland. thomashitz@yahoo.comNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22999370

Citation

Hitz, Thomas, et al. "Are Self-adhesive Resin Cements a Valid Alternative to Conventional Resin Cements? a Laboratory Study of the Long-term Bond Strength." Dental Materials : Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials, vol. 28, no. 11, 2012, pp. 1183-90.
Hitz T, Stawarczyk B, Fischer J, et al. Are self-adhesive resin cements a valid alternative to conventional resin cements? A laboratory study of the long-term bond strength. Dent Mater. 2012;28(11):1183-90.
Hitz, T., Stawarczyk, B., Fischer, J., Hämmerle, C. H., & Sailer, I. (2012). Are self-adhesive resin cements a valid alternative to conventional resin cements? A laboratory study of the long-term bond strength. Dental Materials : Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials, 28(11), 1183-90. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dental.2012.09.006
Hitz T, et al. Are Self-adhesive Resin Cements a Valid Alternative to Conventional Resin Cements? a Laboratory Study of the Long-term Bond Strength. Dent Mater. 2012;28(11):1183-90. PubMed PMID: 22999370.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Are self-adhesive resin cements a valid alternative to conventional resin cements? A laboratory study of the long-term bond strength. AU - Hitz,Thomas, AU - Stawarczyk,Bogna, AU - Fischer,Jens, AU - Hämmerle,Christoph H F, AU - Sailer,Irena, Y1 - 2012/09/20/ PY - 2012/01/03/received PY - 2012/08/19/revised PY - 2012/09/07/accepted PY - 2012/9/25/entrez PY - 2012/9/25/pubmed PY - 2013/10/18/medline SP - 1183 EP - 90 JF - Dental materials : official publication of the Academy of Dental Materials JO - Dent Mater VL - 28 IS - 11 N2 - OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to test whether or not the shear bond strengths of six self-adhesive resin cements to dentin and to glass-ceramic, 24h and long-term-aged, are similar to the one of a conventional resin cement. METHODS: Human molars (N=168, n=12 per group) and silicabased glass-ceramic specimens (N=168, n=12 per group) were embedded in acrylic resin and randomly divided into 28 groups. The following resin cements were luted according to the manufacturers' instructions: Clearfil SA (CSA), G-Cem (GCM), SmartCem2 (SMC), SpeedCEM (SPC), RelyX Unicem (RXU), RelyX Unicem2 (RXU2) and Panavia21 (control group, PAN). Shear bond strength was measured initially (24h of water storage 37°C) and after aging (24,000 thermal cycles, 5/55°C). The failure types (adhesive, and cohesive) were evaluated after debonding. The shear bond strength values were analyzed using three-way and one-way ANOVA, followed by a post hoc Scheffé and two-sample Student's t-tests. RESULTS: RXU, RXU2 and GCM showed similar after 24h and aged shear bond strength to dentin as the control group. CSA, SMC and SPC exhibited significantly lower values. Before aging, none of the bond strength values to glass-ceramic differed significantly from the other. After thermocycling, GCM showed higher results to glass-ceramic than CSA, SMC, RXU2 and the control group. Analyzing failure types after spontaneous debonding and shear bond test at dentin, solely adhesive failures were found, while at glass-ceramic only cohesive failures occurred. CONCLUSION: Not all self-adhesive resin cements can be a valid alternative to conventional resin cements in order to bond silica-based glass-ceramics to human dentin. SN - 1879-0097 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22999370/Are_self_adhesive_resin_cements_a_valid_alternative_to_conventional_resin_cements_A_laboratory_study_of_the_long_term_bond_strength_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0109-5641(12)00407-1 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -