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Acute interstitial pneumonia (AIP): relationship to Hamman-Rich syndrome, diffuse alveolar damage (DAD), and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS).
Semin Respir Crit Care Med. 2012 Oct; 33(5):476-85.SR

Abstract

Acute interstitial pneumonia (AIP) is a term used for an idiopathic form of acute lung injury characterized clinically by acute respiratory failure with bilateral lung infiltrates and histologically by diffuse alveolar damage (DAD), a combination of findings previously known as the Hamman-Rich syndrome. This review aims to clarify the diagnostic criteria of AIP, its relationship with DAD and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), key etiologies that need to be excluded before making the diagnosis, and the salient clinical features. Cases that meet clinical and pathologic criteria for AIP overlap substantially with those that fulfill clinical criteria for ARDS. The main differences between AIP and ARDS are that AIP requires a histologic diagnosis of DAD and exclusion of known etiologies. AIP should also be distinguished from "acute exacerbation of IPF," a condition in which acute lung injury (usually DAD) supervenes on underlying usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP)/idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF).

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Pathology, State University of New York Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, New York 13210, USA. mukhopas@upstate.eduNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

23001802

Citation

Mukhopadhyay, Sanjay, and Joseph G. Parambil. "Acute Interstitial Pneumonia (AIP): Relationship to Hamman-Rich Syndrome, Diffuse Alveolar Damage (DAD), and Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS)." Seminars in Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, vol. 33, no. 5, 2012, pp. 476-85.
Mukhopadhyay S, Parambil JG. Acute interstitial pneumonia (AIP): relationship to Hamman-Rich syndrome, diffuse alveolar damage (DAD), and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Semin Respir Crit Care Med. 2012;33(5):476-85.
Mukhopadhyay, S., & Parambil, J. G. (2012). Acute interstitial pneumonia (AIP): relationship to Hamman-Rich syndrome, diffuse alveolar damage (DAD), and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Seminars in Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, 33(5), 476-85.
Mukhopadhyay S, Parambil JG. Acute Interstitial Pneumonia (AIP): Relationship to Hamman-Rich Syndrome, Diffuse Alveolar Damage (DAD), and Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS). Semin Respir Crit Care Med. 2012;33(5):476-85. PubMed PMID: 23001802.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Acute interstitial pneumonia (AIP): relationship to Hamman-Rich syndrome, diffuse alveolar damage (DAD), and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). AU - Mukhopadhyay,Sanjay, AU - Parambil,Joseph G, Y1 - 2012/09/21/ PY - 2012/9/25/entrez PY - 2012/9/25/pubmed PY - 2013/3/1/medline SP - 476 EP - 85 JF - Seminars in respiratory and critical care medicine JO - Semin Respir Crit Care Med VL - 33 IS - 5 N2 - Acute interstitial pneumonia (AIP) is a term used for an idiopathic form of acute lung injury characterized clinically by acute respiratory failure with bilateral lung infiltrates and histologically by diffuse alveolar damage (DAD), a combination of findings previously known as the Hamman-Rich syndrome. This review aims to clarify the diagnostic criteria of AIP, its relationship with DAD and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), key etiologies that need to be excluded before making the diagnosis, and the salient clinical features. Cases that meet clinical and pathologic criteria for AIP overlap substantially with those that fulfill clinical criteria for ARDS. The main differences between AIP and ARDS are that AIP requires a histologic diagnosis of DAD and exclusion of known etiologies. AIP should also be distinguished from "acute exacerbation of IPF," a condition in which acute lung injury (usually DAD) supervenes on underlying usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP)/idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). SN - 1098-9048 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/23001802/Acute_interstitial_pneumonia__AIP_:_relationship_to_Hamman_Rich_syndrome_diffuse_alveolar_damage__DAD__and_acute_respiratory_distress_syndrome__ARDS__ L2 - http://www.thieme-connect.com/DOI/DOI?10.1055/s-0032-1325158 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -