Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Psychosocial work factors and sickness absence in 31 countries in Europe.
Eur J Public Health 2013; 23(4):622-9EJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The studies on the associations between psychosocial work factors and sickness absence have rarely included a large number of factors and European data. The objective was to examine the associations between a large set of psychosocial work factors following well-known and emergent concepts and sickness absence in Europe.

METHODS

The study population consisted of 14,881 male and 14,799 female workers in 31 countries from the 2005 European Working Conditions Survey. Psychosocial work factors included the following: decision latitude, psychological demands, social support, physical violence, sexual harassment, discrimination, bullying, long working hours, shift and night work, job insecurity, job promotion and work-life imbalance. Covariates were as follows: age, occupation, economic activity, employee/self-employed status and physical, chemical, biological and biomechanical exposures. Statistical analysis was performed using multilevel negative binomial hurdle models to study the occurrence and duration of sickness absence.

RESULTS

In the models, including all psychosocial work factors together and adjustment for covariates, high psychological demands, discrimination, bullying, low-job promotion and work-life imbalance for both genders and physical violence for women were observed as risk factors of the occurrence of sickness absence. Bullying and shift work increased the duration of absence among women. Bullying had the strongest association with sickness absence.

CONCLUSION

Various psychosocial work factors were found to be associated with sickness absence. A less conservative analysis exploring each factor separately provided a still higher number of risk factors. Preventive measures should take psychosocial work environment more comprehensively into account to reduce sickness absence and improve health at work at European level.

Authors+Show Affiliations

INSERM, U1018, CESP Centre for research in epidemiology and population health, Epidemiology of occupational and social determinants of health team, Villejuif, France. isabelle.niedhammer@inserm.frNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

23002241

Citation

Niedhammer, Isabelle, et al. "Psychosocial Work Factors and Sickness Absence in 31 Countries in Europe." European Journal of Public Health, vol. 23, no. 4, 2013, pp. 622-9.
Niedhammer I, Chastang JF, Sultan-Taïeb H, et al. Psychosocial work factors and sickness absence in 31 countries in Europe. Eur J Public Health. 2013;23(4):622-9.
Niedhammer, I., Chastang, J. F., Sultan-Taïeb, H., Vermeylen, G., & Parent-Thirion, A. (2013). Psychosocial work factors and sickness absence in 31 countries in Europe. European Journal of Public Health, 23(4), pp. 622-9. doi:10.1093/eurpub/cks124.
Niedhammer I, et al. Psychosocial Work Factors and Sickness Absence in 31 Countries in Europe. Eur J Public Health. 2013;23(4):622-9. PubMed PMID: 23002241.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Psychosocial work factors and sickness absence in 31 countries in Europe. AU - Niedhammer,Isabelle, AU - Chastang,Jean-François, AU - Sultan-Taïeb,Hélène, AU - Vermeylen,Greet, AU - Parent-Thirion,Agnès, Y1 - 2012/09/23/ PY - 2012/9/25/entrez PY - 2012/9/25/pubmed PY - 2014/3/19/medline SP - 622 EP - 9 JF - European journal of public health JO - Eur J Public Health VL - 23 IS - 4 N2 - BACKGROUND: The studies on the associations between psychosocial work factors and sickness absence have rarely included a large number of factors and European data. The objective was to examine the associations between a large set of psychosocial work factors following well-known and emergent concepts and sickness absence in Europe. METHODS: The study population consisted of 14,881 male and 14,799 female workers in 31 countries from the 2005 European Working Conditions Survey. Psychosocial work factors included the following: decision latitude, psychological demands, social support, physical violence, sexual harassment, discrimination, bullying, long working hours, shift and night work, job insecurity, job promotion and work-life imbalance. Covariates were as follows: age, occupation, economic activity, employee/self-employed status and physical, chemical, biological and biomechanical exposures. Statistical analysis was performed using multilevel negative binomial hurdle models to study the occurrence and duration of sickness absence. RESULTS: In the models, including all psychosocial work factors together and adjustment for covariates, high psychological demands, discrimination, bullying, low-job promotion and work-life imbalance for both genders and physical violence for women were observed as risk factors of the occurrence of sickness absence. Bullying and shift work increased the duration of absence among women. Bullying had the strongest association with sickness absence. CONCLUSION: Various psychosocial work factors were found to be associated with sickness absence. A less conservative analysis exploring each factor separately provided a still higher number of risk factors. Preventive measures should take psychosocial work environment more comprehensively into account to reduce sickness absence and improve health at work at European level. SN - 1464-360X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/23002241/Psychosocial_work_factors_and_sickness_absence_in_31_countries_in_Europe_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/eurpub/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/eurpub/cks124 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -