Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Physicochemical, microstructural, and antibacterial properties of β-chitosan and kudzu starch composite films.
J Food Sci. 2012 Oct; 77(10):E280-6.JF

Abstract

This study investigated physicochemical, microstructural, and antibacterial properties of β-chitosan-kudzu starch composite films with addition of 0%, 20%, 60%, or 100% kudzu starch (w starch/w chitosan) in 1% chitosan solution. Molecular interactions between chitosan and kudzu starch and the crystal structure of the films were also determined. Adding 60% kudzu starch reduced water vapor permeability and solubility of pure β-chitosan film by about 15% and 20%, respectively, whereas mechanical strength and flexibility of the film were increased about 50% and 25%, respectively. Micrograph showed that β-chitosan film was totally amorphous, and the composite films generally became rougher with more starch added. Fourier transform infrared and X-ray diffraction spectra showed that the 2 film-forming components were compatible with each other. Pure β-chitosan film resulted in 9.5 and 11.5 log CFU/mL reduction in Escherichia coli and Listeria innocua based on plate count method, respectively. Addition of kudzu starch reduced the antibacterial activity of film, but still achieved 8.3 and 10.3 log CFU/mL reduction in E. coli and L. innocua, respectively when kudzu starch to chitosan weight ratio was 1:1. Reduced antibacterial activity might attribute to the interaction of amino groups in β-chitosan with the hydroxyl groups in kudzu starch. This study demonstrated that kudzu starch effectively improved water barrier of β-chitosan film, and the composite films retained strong antibacterial ability.

PRACTICAL APPLICATION

One percent of β-chitosan containing 60% kudzu starch (w/w chitosan) composite films possessed better mechanical and water barrier properties than pure β-chitosan films, and showed strong antibacterial activity against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. The films may be used as wraps or coatings to prolong the shelf life of different foods or other similar applications.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Food Science and Technology, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

23009669

Citation

Zhong, Yu, et al. "Physicochemical, Microstructural, and Antibacterial Properties of Β-chitosan and Kudzu Starch Composite Films." Journal of Food Science, vol. 77, no. 10, 2012, pp. E280-6.
Zhong Y, Li Y, Zhao Y. Physicochemical, microstructural, and antibacterial properties of β-chitosan and kudzu starch composite films. J Food Sci. 2012;77(10):E280-6.
Zhong, Y., Li, Y., & Zhao, Y. (2012). Physicochemical, microstructural, and antibacterial properties of β-chitosan and kudzu starch composite films. Journal of Food Science, 77(10), E280-6. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1750-3841.2012.02887.x
Zhong Y, Li Y, Zhao Y. Physicochemical, Microstructural, and Antibacterial Properties of Β-chitosan and Kudzu Starch Composite Films. J Food Sci. 2012;77(10):E280-6. PubMed PMID: 23009669.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Physicochemical, microstructural, and antibacterial properties of β-chitosan and kudzu starch composite films. AU - Zhong,Yu, AU - Li,Yunfei, AU - Zhao,Yanyun, Y1 - 2012/09/25/ PY - 2012/9/27/entrez PY - 2012/9/27/pubmed PY - 2013/4/10/medline SP - E280 EP - 6 JF - Journal of food science JO - J Food Sci VL - 77 IS - 10 N2 - UNLABELLED: This study investigated physicochemical, microstructural, and antibacterial properties of β-chitosan-kudzu starch composite films with addition of 0%, 20%, 60%, or 100% kudzu starch (w starch/w chitosan) in 1% chitosan solution. Molecular interactions between chitosan and kudzu starch and the crystal structure of the films were also determined. Adding 60% kudzu starch reduced water vapor permeability and solubility of pure β-chitosan film by about 15% and 20%, respectively, whereas mechanical strength and flexibility of the film were increased about 50% and 25%, respectively. Micrograph showed that β-chitosan film was totally amorphous, and the composite films generally became rougher with more starch added. Fourier transform infrared and X-ray diffraction spectra showed that the 2 film-forming components were compatible with each other. Pure β-chitosan film resulted in 9.5 and 11.5 log CFU/mL reduction in Escherichia coli and Listeria innocua based on plate count method, respectively. Addition of kudzu starch reduced the antibacterial activity of film, but still achieved 8.3 and 10.3 log CFU/mL reduction in E. coli and L. innocua, respectively when kudzu starch to chitosan weight ratio was 1:1. Reduced antibacterial activity might attribute to the interaction of amino groups in β-chitosan with the hydroxyl groups in kudzu starch. This study demonstrated that kudzu starch effectively improved water barrier of β-chitosan film, and the composite films retained strong antibacterial ability. PRACTICAL APPLICATION: One percent of β-chitosan containing 60% kudzu starch (w/w chitosan) composite films possessed better mechanical and water barrier properties than pure β-chitosan films, and showed strong antibacterial activity against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. The films may be used as wraps or coatings to prolong the shelf life of different foods or other similar applications. SN - 1750-3841 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/23009669/Physicochemical_microstructural_and_antibacterial_properties_of_β_chitosan_and_kudzu_starch_composite_films_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -