Novel sulfanylphthalimide analogues as highly potent inhibitors of monoamine oxidase B.Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2012 Nov 01; 22(21):6632-5.BM
Monoamine oxidase (MAO) plays an essential role in the catabolism of neurotransmitter amines. The two isoforms of this enzyme, MAO-A and -B, are considered to be drug targets for the therapy of depression and neurodegenerative diseases, respectively. Based on a recent report that the phthalimide moiety may be a useful scaffold for the design of potent MAO-B inhibitors, the present study examines a series of 5-sulfanylphthalimide analogues as potential inhibitors of both human MAO isoforms. The results document that 5-sulfanylphthalimides are highly potent and selective MAO-B inhibitors with all of the examined compounds possessing IC(50) values in the nanomolar range. The most potent inhibitor, 5-(benzylsulfanyl)phthalimide, exhibits an IC(50) value of 0.0045 μM for the inhibition of MAO-B with a 427-fold selectivity for MAO-B compared to MAO-A. We conclude that 5-sulfanylphthalimides represent an interesting class of MAO-B inhibitors and may serve as lead compounds for the design of antiparkinsonian therapy.