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"Treating" prejudice: an exposure-therapy approach to reducing negative reactions toward stigmatized groups.
Psychol Sci. 2012; 23(11):1379-86.PS

Abstract

One of the ways in which therapists treat anxiety disorders is to expose patients to a fear-evoking stimulus within a safe environment before encouraging more positive stimulus-related thoughts. In the study reported here, we adapted these psychotherapeutic principles of exposure therapy to test the hypothesis that imagining a positive encounter with a member of a stigmatized group would be more likely to promote positive perceptions when it was preceded by an imagined negative encounter. The results of three experiments targeting a range of stigmatized groups (adults with schizophrenia, gay men, and British Muslims) supported this hypothesis. Compared with purely positive interventions, interventions in which a single negative encounter was imagined just prior to imagining a positive encounter resulted in significantly reduced prejudice. Furthermore, reduced anxiety uniquely derived from the mixed-valence imagery task statistically explained enhanced intentions to engage positively with the previously stigmatized group in the future.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Centre for the Study of Group Processes, University of Kent. michele.birtel@psy.ox.ac.ukNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial

Language

eng

PubMed ID

23019142

Citation

Birtel, Michèle D., and Richard J. Crisp. ""Treating" Prejudice: an Exposure-therapy Approach to Reducing Negative Reactions Toward Stigmatized Groups." Psychological Science, vol. 23, no. 11, 2012, pp. 1379-86.
Birtel MD, Crisp RJ. "Treating" prejudice: an exposure-therapy approach to reducing negative reactions toward stigmatized groups. Psychol Sci. 2012;23(11):1379-86.
Birtel, M. D., & Crisp, R. J. (2012). "Treating" prejudice: an exposure-therapy approach to reducing negative reactions toward stigmatized groups. Psychological Science, 23(11), 1379-86. https://doi.org/10.1177/0956797612443838
Birtel MD, Crisp RJ. "Treating" Prejudice: an Exposure-therapy Approach to Reducing Negative Reactions Toward Stigmatized Groups. Psychol Sci. 2012;23(11):1379-86. PubMed PMID: 23019142.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - "Treating" prejudice: an exposure-therapy approach to reducing negative reactions toward stigmatized groups. AU - Birtel,Michèle D, AU - Crisp,Richard J, Y1 - 2012/09/27/ PY - 2012/9/29/entrez PY - 2012/9/29/pubmed PY - 2013/11/15/medline SP - 1379 EP - 86 JF - Psychological science JO - Psychol Sci VL - 23 IS - 11 N2 - One of the ways in which therapists treat anxiety disorders is to expose patients to a fear-evoking stimulus within a safe environment before encouraging more positive stimulus-related thoughts. In the study reported here, we adapted these psychotherapeutic principles of exposure therapy to test the hypothesis that imagining a positive encounter with a member of a stigmatized group would be more likely to promote positive perceptions when it was preceded by an imagined negative encounter. The results of three experiments targeting a range of stigmatized groups (adults with schizophrenia, gay men, and British Muslims) supported this hypothesis. Compared with purely positive interventions, interventions in which a single negative encounter was imagined just prior to imagining a positive encounter resulted in significantly reduced prejudice. Furthermore, reduced anxiety uniquely derived from the mixed-valence imagery task statistically explained enhanced intentions to engage positively with the previously stigmatized group in the future. SN - 1467-9280 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/23019142/"Treating"_prejudice:_an_exposure_therapy_approach_to_reducing_negative_reactions_toward_stigmatized_groups_ L2 - https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0956797612443838?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -