Belatacept in kidney transplantation.Curr Opin Organ Transplant. 2012 Dec; 17(6):640-7.CO
PURPOSE OF REVIEW
In June 2011 the US Food and Drug Administration approved belatacept (Nulojix; Bristol-Myers Squibb, Princeton, New Jersey, USA) for the prophylaxis of organ rejection in adult kidney transplant recipients. This review will discuss the use of belatacept for the prevention of acute rejection as part of a maintenance immunosuppression regimen.
Belatacept is a selective costimulation blocker designed to provide effective immunosuppression while avoiding the toxicities associated with calcineurin inhibitors. Phase 3 trial data have demonstrated that belatacept is noninferior to cyclosporine in 1-year patient and allograft survival. Three-year data demonstrate an ongoing improvement in mean measured glomerular filtration rate in belatacept-treated versus cyclosporine-treated patients. Overall, there seemed to be an improvement in cardiometabolic parameters in patients treated with belatacept compared with cyclosporine. There was a trend toward higher rates of early rejection episodes in patients treated with belatacept. One safety issue that must be considered when using belatacept is the potential for increased risk of posttransplant lymphoproliferative disease, especially in Epstein-Barr virus-seronegative recipients or patients treated with lymphocyte-depleting agents.
Belatacept is the first new agent available in kidney transplant that may achieve the goal of improved long-term renal function.