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Factors affecting anxiety in multiple sclerosis.
Disabil Rehabil 2012; 34(24):2047-52DR

Abstract

PURPOSE

Anxiety is common in people with multiple sclerosis (MS). Little is known about the factors related to anxiety. The aim was to identify factors associated with the presence of anxiety.

METHODS

This was a cohort study. Participants were sent questionnaires to measure factors potentially related to anxiety. The factors included disability, depression, self-efficacy, locus of control, general stress, psychological distress and factors specific to MS. Participants with significant levels of anxiety, as measured by the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), were compared to those who were not anxious.

RESULTS

Of the 157 participants who took part, 89 (57%) were clinically anxious. Participants who were anxious had a lower level of self-efficacy (p < 0.001), higher level of disability (p < 0.001), higher level of depression (p < 0.001) and higher level of stress (p < 0.001). The regression analysis showed that experiencing depression (χ(2) = 5.05, OR = 1.32, p < 0.05) was the only factor that significantly predicted whether someone was anxious or not, accounting for 46% of the variance.

CONCLUSION

There was a high prevalence of anxiety in people with MS. Depression, low levels of self-efficacy, disability and stress increased the likelihood of experiencing anxiety.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Institute of Work, Health and Organisations, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

23046487

Citation

Garfield, A C., and N B. Lincoln. "Factors Affecting Anxiety in Multiple Sclerosis." Disability and Rehabilitation, vol. 34, no. 24, 2012, pp. 2047-52.
Garfield AC, Lincoln NB. Factors affecting anxiety in multiple sclerosis. Disabil Rehabil. 2012;34(24):2047-52.
Garfield, A. C., & Lincoln, N. B. (2012). Factors affecting anxiety in multiple sclerosis. Disability and Rehabilitation, 34(24), pp. 2047-52. doi:10.3109/09638288.2012.667503.
Garfield AC, Lincoln NB. Factors Affecting Anxiety in Multiple Sclerosis. Disabil Rehabil. 2012;34(24):2047-52. PubMed PMID: 23046487.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Factors affecting anxiety in multiple sclerosis. AU - Garfield,A C, AU - Lincoln,N B, PY - 2012/10/11/entrez PY - 2012/10/11/pubmed PY - 2012/12/21/medline SP - 2047 EP - 52 JF - Disability and rehabilitation JO - Disabil Rehabil VL - 34 IS - 24 N2 - PURPOSE: Anxiety is common in people with multiple sclerosis (MS). Little is known about the factors related to anxiety. The aim was to identify factors associated with the presence of anxiety. METHODS: This was a cohort study. Participants were sent questionnaires to measure factors potentially related to anxiety. The factors included disability, depression, self-efficacy, locus of control, general stress, psychological distress and factors specific to MS. Participants with significant levels of anxiety, as measured by the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), were compared to those who were not anxious. RESULTS: Of the 157 participants who took part, 89 (57%) were clinically anxious. Participants who were anxious had a lower level of self-efficacy (p < 0.001), higher level of disability (p < 0.001), higher level of depression (p < 0.001) and higher level of stress (p < 0.001). The regression analysis showed that experiencing depression (χ(2) = 5.05, OR = 1.32, p < 0.05) was the only factor that significantly predicted whether someone was anxious or not, accounting for 46% of the variance. CONCLUSION: There was a high prevalence of anxiety in people with MS. Depression, low levels of self-efficacy, disability and stress increased the likelihood of experiencing anxiety. SN - 1464-5165 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/23046487/Factors_affecting_anxiety_in_multiple_sclerosis_ L2 - http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.3109/09638288.2012.667503 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -