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The effect of counterconditioning on evaluative responses and harm expectancy in a fear conditioning paradigm.
Behav Ther. 2012 Dec; 43(4):757-67.BT

Abstract

In fear conditioning, extinction targets harm expectancy as well as the fear response, but it often fails to eradicate the negative affective value that is associated with the conditioned stimulus. In the present study, we examined whether counterconditioning can serve to reduce evaluative responses within fear conditioning. The sample consisted of 70 nonselected students, 12 of whom were men. All participants received acquisition with human face stimuli as the conditioned stimuli and an unpleasant white noise as the unconditioned stimulus. After acquisition, one third of the sample was allocated to an extinction procedure. The other participants received counterconditioning with either a neutral stimulus (neutral tone) or a positive stimulus (baby laugh). Results showed that counterconditioning (with both neutral and positive stimuli), in contrast to extinction, successfully reduced evaluative responses. This effect was found on an indirect measure (affective priming task), but not on self-report. Counterconditioning with a positive stimulus also tended to enhance the reduction of conditioned skin conductance reactivity. The present data suggest that counterconditioning procedures might be a promising approach in diminishing evaluative learning and even expectancy learning in the context of fear conditioning.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Experimental-Clinical and Health Psychology, Ghent University, Belgium. An.Raes@UGent.beNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

23046778

Citation

Raes, An K., and Rudi De Raedt. "The Effect of Counterconditioning On Evaluative Responses and Harm Expectancy in a Fear Conditioning Paradigm." Behavior Therapy, vol. 43, no. 4, 2012, pp. 757-67.
Raes AK, De Raedt R. The effect of counterconditioning on evaluative responses and harm expectancy in a fear conditioning paradigm. Behav Ther. 2012;43(4):757-67.
Raes, A. K., & De Raedt, R. (2012). The effect of counterconditioning on evaluative responses and harm expectancy in a fear conditioning paradigm. Behavior Therapy, 43(4), 757-67. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.beth.2012.03.012
Raes AK, De Raedt R. The Effect of Counterconditioning On Evaluative Responses and Harm Expectancy in a Fear Conditioning Paradigm. Behav Ther. 2012;43(4):757-67. PubMed PMID: 23046778.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The effect of counterconditioning on evaluative responses and harm expectancy in a fear conditioning paradigm. AU - Raes,An K, AU - De Raedt,Rudi, Y1 - 2012/03/24/ PY - 2011/06/24/received PY - 2012/03/14/revised PY - 2012/03/14/accepted PY - 2012/10/11/entrez PY - 2012/10/11/pubmed PY - 2013/3/22/medline SP - 757 EP - 67 JF - Behavior therapy JO - Behav Ther VL - 43 IS - 4 N2 - In fear conditioning, extinction targets harm expectancy as well as the fear response, but it often fails to eradicate the negative affective value that is associated with the conditioned stimulus. In the present study, we examined whether counterconditioning can serve to reduce evaluative responses within fear conditioning. The sample consisted of 70 nonselected students, 12 of whom were men. All participants received acquisition with human face stimuli as the conditioned stimuli and an unpleasant white noise as the unconditioned stimulus. After acquisition, one third of the sample was allocated to an extinction procedure. The other participants received counterconditioning with either a neutral stimulus (neutral tone) or a positive stimulus (baby laugh). Results showed that counterconditioning (with both neutral and positive stimuli), in contrast to extinction, successfully reduced evaluative responses. This effect was found on an indirect measure (affective priming task), but not on self-report. Counterconditioning with a positive stimulus also tended to enhance the reduction of conditioned skin conductance reactivity. The present data suggest that counterconditioning procedures might be a promising approach in diminishing evaluative learning and even expectancy learning in the context of fear conditioning. SN - 1878-1888 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/23046778/The_effect_of_counterconditioning_on_evaluative_responses_and_harm_expectancy_in_a_fear_conditioning_paradigm_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0005-7894(12)00055-X DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -