Prognostic impact of chronic kidney disease on 10-year clinical outcomes among patients with acute coronary syndrome.J Cardiol. 2012 Dec; 60(6):438-42.JC
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is closely associated with a higher risk of cardiovascular disease. However, whether patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and CKD are at increased risk for long-term mortality after coronary revascularization remains unknown.
METHODS AND RESULTS
Data from consecutive patients with ACS who had undergone coronary revascularization, including percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) were analyzed. The estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was calculated using the current Japanese equation and CKD was defined as eGFR < 60 mL/min/1.73 m(2). Among 375 enrolled patients with ACS, 75 (20.0%) had CKD. During a follow-up period of 10.0 ± 3.4 years, the total number of deaths was 80 (21.3%), of which 36 (9.6%) were due to cardiovascular causes. Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that the presence of CKD was associated with a significant increase in mortality from all causes (log-rank test, p<0.001) and cardiovascular mortality (p<0.001). Cox proportional-hazard analysis revealed that CKD increased the risk of mortality with a hazard ratio of 2.31 (95% confidence interval (CI): 1.25-4.29, p=0.008) and of cardiovascular death with a hazard ratio of 3.76 (95% CI: 1.60-8.80, p=0.002) in patients with ACS.
CKD is a powerful determinant of long-term all-cause and cardiovascular mortality after ACS.