Gypsy, RTE and Mariner transposable elements populate Eyprepocnemis plorans genome.Genetica. 2012 Sep; 140(7-9):365-74.G
We analyze here the presence and abundance of three types of transposable elements (TEs), i.e. Gypsy, RTE and Mariner, in the genome of the grasshopper Eyprepocnemis plorans. PCR experiments allowed amplification, cloning and sequencing of these elements (EploGypI, EploRTE5, EploMar20) from the E. plorans genome. Fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) showed that all three elements are restricted to euchromatic regions, thus being absent from the pericentromeric region of all A chromosomes, which contain a satellite DNA (satDNA) and ribosomal DNA (rDNA), and being very scarce in B chromosomes mostly made up of these two types of repetitive DNA. FISH suggested that EploGypI is the most abundant and EploMar20 is the least abundant, with EploRTE5 showing intermediate abundance. An estimation of copy number, by means of quantitative PCR, showed that EploGypI is, by far, the most abundant element, followed by EploRTE5 and EploMar20, in consistency with FISH results. RNA isolation and PCR experiments on complementary DNA (cDNA) showed the presence of transcripts for the three TE elements. The implications of the preferential location of these TE elements into euchromatin, the significance of TE abundance in the giant genome of this species, and a possible relationship between TEs and B chromosome mutability, are discussed.