[Comparison of self-estimation of disuric disorders gauged IPSS scale and qualities of lives QoL with self-estimation of sexual life gauged by IIEF-5 scale].Przegl Lek. 2012; 69(6):247-52.PL
Evaluation of men with a point scale is a simple method that can be used both in primary care and specialist in-patient treatment. Although its use is not widespread. International scoring system for evaluation of symptoms of the prostate is common in Poland (IPSS). Responses to the questionnaire are the basis of IPSS scale. Quality of life form (QoL) is in addition to the scale of IPSS. It defines subjective assessment of patient well-being in case of symptoms of lower urinary tract at the same level as at the time of the study. 5-point questionnaire IIEF-5 has been used in Poland since 1999 to assess men's sexual life. The aim of the study is to compare the assessment of disuric disorders measured using the International Prostate System Score (IPSS) and Quality of Life scale versus scale of men's sexual self-esteem IIEF-5 in men at the age of 50-70. The study included 1746 randomly selected residents of the district Cracow-Downtown, at the age of 50-70. Medical interview was carried out (including complaints of lower urinary tract symptoms (IPSS), quality of life (QoL) and sexual dysfunction (IIEF-5); physical examination with assessment of individual systems with particular emphasis on genitourinary system, physical examination of the prostate (DRE), PSA level in total and free fractions, a biopsy of the prostate under ultrasound control if necessary. For the analysis qualified 1746 men. The men were divided into groups called groups of disease: a suspicion of prostate cancer, can not rule out prostate cancer, prostate cancer confirmed, probable benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), no lesions. The largest was the group with probable benign prostatic hyperplasia 64.89% of the total respondents, followed by a group of men without lesions, 26.29%, a group of probable prostate cancer was 6.41% of the respondents, a group with whom you can not rule out prostate cancer was 1.89%, the smallest was the group with confirmed prostate cancer, 0.52% of all male respondents. The age groups were: 498 respondents aged 50-54 years and 391 aged 55-59, 397 aged 60-64 and 460 aged 65-70. Mean age was 59.24 years. Ppicked up data were processed and analized by STATA- 5,0. Differences between groups relative to answers for the questions of scales: IPSS, QoL and IIEEF5 questionnaire were analized by Mann-Whitney, Kruskal- Wallis, Scheffe's and chi2 tests. Homogeneity of the IPSS were analised by a Cronbach coefficient test. Accordance of each questions of the scale to whole scale were analised by correlation and line regression tests. Based on the analysis of the total scale score by IPSS and QoL scale and quality of life questionnaire IIEF-5 showed that in the process of aging in the population more frequently in older than in younger men, there are complaints from the urinary tract and deteriorating quality of life of self-esteem and quality of life of sexual self-esteem. After analyzing the result of scale: IPSS, QoL, and IIEF-5 in the disease groups, it was found that the total score of IPSS differentiates men in the group with probable benign prostatic hyperplasia, from a group of men without lesions and men with suspected prostate cancer. Statistically significant reduction in quality of life (QoL) in patients with confirmed prostate cancer and in the group with probable benign prostatic hyperplasia compared with men without lesions. The highest self-esteem sex life (IIEF-5) was found in men without lesions and the lowest in the group with known prostate cancer. The scale of quality of life (QoL) was significantly positively correlated with the results of IPSS scale, as well as with each of its questions. Deterioration in the quality of life occurred as a crescendo pain of lower respiratory tract. With the increase in the incidence and severity of each symptom on a scale IPSS worsening of self-esteem was examined using a scale IIEF-5. U of men with the deterioration of the quality of life measured by the scale of QoL, worsening their sexual self-esteem scale IIEF-5. In the process of aging are growing complaints from the lower urinary tract, self-esteem deteriorates the quality of life, including sexual life, which is especially marked in men with enlarged prostate. The scale of quality of life (QoL) is significantly positively correlated with the results of IPSS scale. With the increase in the incidence and severity of symptoms on a scale IPSS had decreased self-test using the IIEF-5 scale. The deterioration of quality of life measured with QoL was associated with decreased sexual self-esteem scale IIEF-5.