Antibodies against dengue virus nonstructural protein-1 induce heme oxygenase-1 via a redox-dependent pathway in human endothelial cells.Free Radic Biol Med. 2013 Jan; 54:85-92.FR
Heme oxygenase (HO)-1, the inducible isoform of the first and rate-limiting enzyme of heme degradation, affords anti-inflammatory protection via its cell-type-specific effects in endothelial cells (ECs). In dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF), which is the life-threatening form of dengue virus (DV) infection, endothelial interactions of cross-reactive antibodies against the DV nonstructural glycoprotein-1 (NS1) are associated with endothelial dysfunction. In this study, we investigated whether anti-NS1 antibodies might regulate HO-1 gene expression in human ECs. Serum from DHF patients with high anti-NS1 titers and a monoclonal anti-NS1 antibody upregulated HO-1 gene expression in human umbilical vein ECs, which was blocked by purified NS1 antigen. Immunoprecipitation studies showed that anti-NS1 antibodies specifically bound to the oxidoreductase protein disulfide isomerase (PDI) on ECs. Moreover, anti-NS1-mediated HO-1 induction was reduced by inhibition of PDI enzyme activity. Reactive oxygen species, which were generated by NADPH oxidase and in turn activated the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt cascade, were involved in this upregulation of HO-1 gene expression. Finally, apoptosis of ECs caused by anti-NS1 antibodies was increased by pharmacological inhibition of HO-1 enzyme activity. In conclusion, HO-1 gene expression is upregulated by anti-NS1 antibodies via activation of a redox-dependent PDI/PI3K/Akt-mediated pathway in human ECs.