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Systemic fungal infections in patients with human inmunodeficiency virus.
Actas Dermosifiliogr. 2014 Jan-Feb; 105(1):5-17.AD

Abstract

Histoplasmosis is a systemic infection caused by the dimorphic fungus Histoplasma capsulatum. In immunocompromised patients, primary pulmonary infection can spread to the skin and meninges. Clinical manifestations appear in patients with a CD4(+) lymphocyte count of less than 150 cells/μL. Coccidioidomycosis is a systemic mycosis caused by Coccidioides immitis and Coccidioides posadasii. It can present as diffuse pulmonary disease or as a disseminated form primarily affecting the central nervous system, the bones, and the skin. Cryptococcosis is caused by Cryptococcus neoformans (var. neoformans and var. grubii) and Cryptococcus gattii, which are members of the Cryptococcus species complex and have 5 serotypes: A, B, C, D, and AD. It is a common opportunistic infection in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/AIDS, even those receiving antiretroviral therapy. Histopathologic examination and culture of samples from any suspicious lesions are essential for the correct diagnosis of systemic fungal infections in patients with HIV/AIDS.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Servicio de Dermatología, CHUVI y Universidad de Vigo, Vigo, España. Electronic address: carmen.rodriguez.cerdeira@sergas.es.Sección de Micología, Hospital General Dr. Manuel Gea González, México DF, México.Sección de Micología, Hospital General Dr. Manuel Gea González, México DF, México.Sección de Micología, Hospital General Dr. Manuel Gea González, México DF, México.Sección de Micología, Hospital General Dr. Manuel Gea González, México DF, México.Hospital General de Enfermedades, Instituto Guatemalteco de Seguridad Social, Ciudad de Guatemala, Guatemala.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng spa

PubMed ID

23107866

Citation

Rodríguez-Cerdeira, C, et al. "Systemic Fungal Infections in Patients With Human Inmunodeficiency Virus." Actas Dermo-sifiliograficas, vol. 105, no. 1, 2014, pp. 5-17.
Rodríguez-Cerdeira C, Arenas R, Moreno-Coutiño G, et al. Systemic fungal infections in patients with human inmunodeficiency virus. Actas Dermosifiliogr. 2014;105(1):5-17.
Rodríguez-Cerdeira, C., Arenas, R., Moreno-Coutiño, G., Vásquez, E., Fernández, R., & Chang, P. (2014). Systemic fungal infections in patients with human inmunodeficiency virus. Actas Dermo-sifiliograficas, 105(1), 5-17. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ad.2012.06.017
Rodríguez-Cerdeira C, et al. Systemic Fungal Infections in Patients With Human Inmunodeficiency Virus. Actas Dermosifiliogr. 2014 Jan-Feb;105(1):5-17. PubMed PMID: 23107866.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Systemic fungal infections in patients with human inmunodeficiency virus. AU - Rodríguez-Cerdeira,C, AU - Arenas,R, AU - Moreno-Coutiño,G, AU - Vásquez,E, AU - Fernández,R, AU - Chang,P, Y1 - 2012/10/26/ PY - 2011/07/29/received PY - 2012/05/08/revised PY - 2012/06/24/accepted PY - 2012/10/31/entrez PY - 2012/10/31/pubmed PY - 2015/4/7/medline KW - Adquired inmunodeficiency syndrome KW - Coccidioidomicosis KW - Coccidioidomycosis KW - Criptococosis KW - Cryptococcosis KW - Histoplasmosis KW - Human immunodeficiency virus KW - Sida KW - Virus de la inmunodeficiencia humana SP - 5 EP - 17 JF - Actas dermo-sifiliograficas JO - Actas Dermosifiliogr VL - 105 IS - 1 N2 - Histoplasmosis is a systemic infection caused by the dimorphic fungus Histoplasma capsulatum. In immunocompromised patients, primary pulmonary infection can spread to the skin and meninges. Clinical manifestations appear in patients with a CD4(+) lymphocyte count of less than 150 cells/μL. Coccidioidomycosis is a systemic mycosis caused by Coccidioides immitis and Coccidioides posadasii. It can present as diffuse pulmonary disease or as a disseminated form primarily affecting the central nervous system, the bones, and the skin. Cryptococcosis is caused by Cryptococcus neoformans (var. neoformans and var. grubii) and Cryptococcus gattii, which are members of the Cryptococcus species complex and have 5 serotypes: A, B, C, D, and AD. It is a common opportunistic infection in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/AIDS, even those receiving antiretroviral therapy. Histopathologic examination and culture of samples from any suspicious lesions are essential for the correct diagnosis of systemic fungal infections in patients with HIV/AIDS. SN - 1578-2190 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/23107866/Systemic_fungal_infections_in_patients_with_human_inmunodeficiency_virus_ L2 - http://www.elsevier.es/en/linksolver/pdf/pii/S0001-7310(12)00417-6 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -