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[A cohort study on mortality and morbidity in the area of Taranto, Southern Italy].
Epidemiol Prev. 2012 Sep; 36(5):237-52.EP

Abstract

INTRODUCTION

the area of Taranto has been investigated in several environmental and epidemiological studies due to the presence of many industrial plants and shipyards. Results from many studies showed excesses of mortality and cancer incidence for the entire city of Taranto, but there are no studies for different geographical areas of the city that take into account the important confounding effect of socioeconomic position.

OBJECTIVE

to assess mortality and hospitalization rates of residents in Taranto, Statte and Massafra through a cohort study,with a particular focus on residents in the districts closest to the industrial complex, taking into account the socioeconomic position.

METHODS

a cohort of residents during the period 1998-2010 was enrolled. Individual follow-up for assessment of vital status at 31.01.2010 was performed using municipality data. The census-tract socioeconomic position level and the district of residence were assigned to each participant, on the basis of the geocoded addresses at the beginning of the follow- up. Standardized cause specific mortality/ morbidity rates, adjusted for age, were calculated by gender and districts of residence. Mortality and morbidity Hazard Ratios (HR, CI95%) were calculated by districts and socioeconomic position using Cox models. All models were adjusted for age and calendar period, and were done separately for men and women.

RESULTS

321.356 people were enrolled in the cohort (48.9%males).Mortality/morbidity risks for natural cause, cancers, cardiovascular and respiratory diseases were found to be higher in low socioeconomic position groups compared to high ones. The analyses by districts have shown several excess mortality/morbidity risks for residents in Tamburi (Tamburi, Isola, Porta Napoli and LidoAzzurro), Borgo, Paolo VI and the municipality of Statte.

CONCLUSIONS

The results of this study showed a significant relationship between socioeconomic position and health status of people resident in Taranto. People living in the districts closest to the industrial zone have higher mortality/morbidity levels compared to the rest of the area also taking into account the socioeconomic position.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Dipartimento di epidemiologia del Servizio sanitario regionale, Lazio. f.mataloni@deplazio.itNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

ita

PubMed ID

23139110

Citation

Mataloni, Francesca, et al. "[A Cohort Study On Mortality and Morbidity in the Area of Taranto, Southern Italy]." Epidemiologia E Prevenzione, vol. 36, no. 5, 2012, pp. 237-52.
Mataloni F, Stafoggia M, Alessandrini E, et al. [A cohort study on mortality and morbidity in the area of Taranto, Southern Italy]. Epidemiol Prev. 2012;36(5):237-52.
Mataloni, F., Stafoggia, M., Alessandrini, E., Triassi, M., Biggeri, A., & Forastiere, F. (2012). [A cohort study on mortality and morbidity in the area of Taranto, Southern Italy]. Epidemiologia E Prevenzione, 36(5), 237-52.
Mataloni F, et al. [A Cohort Study On Mortality and Morbidity in the Area of Taranto, Southern Italy]. Epidemiol Prev. 2012;36(5):237-52. PubMed PMID: 23139110.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [A cohort study on mortality and morbidity in the area of Taranto, Southern Italy]. AU - Mataloni,Francesca, AU - Stafoggia,Massimo, AU - Alessandrini,Ester, AU - Triassi,Maria, AU - Biggeri,Annibale, AU - Forastiere,Francesco, PY - 2012/11/10/entrez PY - 2012/11/10/pubmed PY - 2013/12/16/medline SP - 237 EP - 52 JF - Epidemiologia e prevenzione JO - Epidemiol Prev VL - 36 IS - 5 N2 - INTRODUCTION: the area of Taranto has been investigated in several environmental and epidemiological studies due to the presence of many industrial plants and shipyards. Results from many studies showed excesses of mortality and cancer incidence for the entire city of Taranto, but there are no studies for different geographical areas of the city that take into account the important confounding effect of socioeconomic position. OBJECTIVE: to assess mortality and hospitalization rates of residents in Taranto, Statte and Massafra through a cohort study,with a particular focus on residents in the districts closest to the industrial complex, taking into account the socioeconomic position. METHODS: a cohort of residents during the period 1998-2010 was enrolled. Individual follow-up for assessment of vital status at 31.01.2010 was performed using municipality data. The census-tract socioeconomic position level and the district of residence were assigned to each participant, on the basis of the geocoded addresses at the beginning of the follow- up. Standardized cause specific mortality/ morbidity rates, adjusted for age, were calculated by gender and districts of residence. Mortality and morbidity Hazard Ratios (HR, CI95%) were calculated by districts and socioeconomic position using Cox models. All models were adjusted for age and calendar period, and were done separately for men and women. RESULTS: 321.356 people were enrolled in the cohort (48.9%males).Mortality/morbidity risks for natural cause, cancers, cardiovascular and respiratory diseases were found to be higher in low socioeconomic position groups compared to high ones. The analyses by districts have shown several excess mortality/morbidity risks for residents in Tamburi (Tamburi, Isola, Porta Napoli and LidoAzzurro), Borgo, Paolo VI and the municipality of Statte. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study showed a significant relationship between socioeconomic position and health status of people resident in Taranto. People living in the districts closest to the industrial zone have higher mortality/morbidity levels compared to the rest of the area also taking into account the socioeconomic position. SN - 1120-9763 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/23139110/[A_cohort_study_on_mortality_and_morbidity_in_the_area_of_Taranto_Southern_Italy]_ L2 - https://www.epiprev.it/node/1466 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -