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Reading nutrition labels is associated with a lower risk of metabolic syndrome in Korean adults: the 2007-2008 Korean NHANES.
Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 2013; 23(9):876-82NM

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIMS

Several studies demonstrated that reading nutrition labels was associated with healthier food choices, despite some controversy. This study investigated the association between the use of nutrition labels and metabolic syndrome (MetS) in Korean adults.

METHODS AND RESULTS

This cross-sectional study included 7756 individuals who participated in the 2007-2009 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES). A self-reported questionnaire was used to determine participant's awareness of nutrition labels. Modified Asian criteria based on a harmonizing definition of MetS were adopted. Individuals in the group that read nutrition labels (the Reading Group) were youngest and leanest, but their daily caloric intake fell between that of the group that did not read nutrition labels (the Non-Reading Group) and the group that did not know about them (the Not-Knowing Group). The prevalence of MetS was 16.8% in the Reading Group, 27.2% in the Non-Reading Group, and 47.3% in the Not-Knowing Group. In comparison to participants in the Reading Group, the odds ratios (95% confidence interval) for MetS in the participants in the Non-Reading Group and Not-Knowing Group were 1.85 (1.60-2.14) and 4.44 (3.79-5.20), respectively, when not adjusted. The relationship between the use of nutrition labels and MetS remained statistically significant even after adjusting for covariates such as age, sex and socioeconomic status including household income and education level [1.27 (1.05-1.53) in the Non-Reading Group and 1.34 (1.05-1.70) in the Not-Knowing Group].

CONCLUSION

Reading nutrition labels appeared to be associated with a lower prevalence of MetS in a nationally representative sample of Korean adults.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Family Medicine, Gangnam Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, 712 Eonju-ro, Dogok-dong, Gangnam-gu, Seoul 135-720, Republic of Korea; Department of Medicine, Graduate School of Yonsei University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

23146359

Citation

Kang, H-T, et al. "Reading Nutrition Labels Is Associated With a Lower Risk of Metabolic Syndrome in Korean Adults: the 2007-2008 Korean NHANES." Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, vol. 23, no. 9, 2013, pp. 876-82.
Kang HT, Shim JY, Lee YJ, et al. Reading nutrition labels is associated with a lower risk of metabolic syndrome in Korean adults: the 2007-2008 Korean NHANES. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 2013;23(9):876-82.
Kang, H. T., Shim, J. Y., Lee, Y. J., Linton, J. A., Park, B. J., & Lee, H. R. (2013). Reading nutrition labels is associated with a lower risk of metabolic syndrome in Korean adults: the 2007-2008 Korean NHANES. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 23(9), pp. 876-82. doi:10.1016/j.numecd.2012.06.007.
Kang HT, et al. Reading Nutrition Labels Is Associated With a Lower Risk of Metabolic Syndrome in Korean Adults: the 2007-2008 Korean NHANES. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 2013;23(9):876-82. PubMed PMID: 23146359.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Reading nutrition labels is associated with a lower risk of metabolic syndrome in Korean adults: the 2007-2008 Korean NHANES. AU - Kang,H-T, AU - Shim,J-Y, AU - Lee,Y-J, AU - Linton,J A, AU - Park,B-J, AU - Lee,H-R, Y1 - 2012/11/10/ PY - 2012/02/09/received PY - 2012/06/21/revised PY - 2012/06/22/accepted PY - 2012/11/14/entrez PY - 2012/11/14/pubmed PY - 2014/4/29/medline KW - Insulin resistance KW - Metabolic syndrome KW - Nutritional labels KW - Socioeconomic status SP - 876 EP - 82 JF - Nutrition, metabolism, and cardiovascular diseases : NMCD JO - Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis VL - 23 IS - 9 N2 - BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Several studies demonstrated that reading nutrition labels was associated with healthier food choices, despite some controversy. This study investigated the association between the use of nutrition labels and metabolic syndrome (MetS) in Korean adults. METHODS AND RESULTS: This cross-sectional study included 7756 individuals who participated in the 2007-2009 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES). A self-reported questionnaire was used to determine participant's awareness of nutrition labels. Modified Asian criteria based on a harmonizing definition of MetS were adopted. Individuals in the group that read nutrition labels (the Reading Group) were youngest and leanest, but their daily caloric intake fell between that of the group that did not read nutrition labels (the Non-Reading Group) and the group that did not know about them (the Not-Knowing Group). The prevalence of MetS was 16.8% in the Reading Group, 27.2% in the Non-Reading Group, and 47.3% in the Not-Knowing Group. In comparison to participants in the Reading Group, the odds ratios (95% confidence interval) for MetS in the participants in the Non-Reading Group and Not-Knowing Group were 1.85 (1.60-2.14) and 4.44 (3.79-5.20), respectively, when not adjusted. The relationship between the use of nutrition labels and MetS remained statistically significant even after adjusting for covariates such as age, sex and socioeconomic status including household income and education level [1.27 (1.05-1.53) in the Non-Reading Group and 1.34 (1.05-1.70) in the Not-Knowing Group]. CONCLUSION: Reading nutrition labels appeared to be associated with a lower prevalence of MetS in a nationally representative sample of Korean adults. SN - 1590-3729 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/23146359/Reading_nutrition_labels_is_associated_with_a_lower_risk_of_metabolic_syndrome_in_Korean_adults:_the_2007_2008_Korean_NHANES_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0939-4753(12)00172-X DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -