Prevalence of metabolic syndrome in pre- and postmenopausal Iranian women.Climacteric. 2013 Oct; 16(5):561-7.C
BACKGROUND AND AIMS
The metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a constellation of risk factors increasing the risk of developing cardiovascular disease and diabetes. Little information is available on the association between MetS and menopausal status in Iranian women. Therefore, the purpose of the current study was to examine the prevalence and severity of MetS in pre- and postmenopausal women based on two commonly employed assessment criteria.
A total of 490 premenopausal and 434 postmenopausal women from the Shiraz Women's Health Cohort Study were included in the study. MetS was defined according to the criteria of the National Cholesterol Education Program-Adult Panel Treatment III (NCEP-ATPIII) and the International Diabetes Federation (IDF). Clinical, biochemical and anthropometric measures were collected from all study participants for determination of MetS.
The majority of participants had at least two components of MetS. Postmenopausal women, compared to premenopausal women, had a higher prevalence of MetS. The prevalences of MetS were 60.2% and 59.4% based on the NCEP-ATPIII and IDF definitions, respectively. Waist circumference, waist-to-hip ratio, blood pressure, and levels of fasting plasma glucose, total cholesterol, low density lipoprotein cholesterol, and triglycerides were higher in postmenopausal women compared to premenopausal women.
MetS is a major threat to women's health and an aging population, and longitudinal studies to determine the mechanism of postmenopausal MetS are required.