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Occupational contact dermatitis in hairdressers/cosmetologists: retrospective analysis of north american contact dermatitis group data, 1994 to 2010.
Dermatitis 2012 Nov-Dec; 23(6):258-68D

Abstract

BACKGROUND

European studies document that occupational contact dermatitis (CD) is common in hairdressers, but studies from North America are lacking.

OBJECTIVES

The objectives of this study were to estimate the prevalence of occupational CD among North American hairdressers/cosmetologists (HD/CS) and to characterize responsible allergens and irritants as well as their sources.

METHODS

A cross-sectional analysis of patients patch tested by the North American Contact Dermatitis Group between 1994 and 2010 was conducted.

RESULTS

Of 35,842 patients, 432 (1.2%) were HD/CS. Significantly, most of the HD/CS were female (89.8%) and younger than 40 years (55.6%) as compared with non-hairdressers (P < 0.0001). The rates for allergic and irritant CD in HD/CS were 72.7% and 37.0%, respectively. The most common body site of involvement was the hand, and this was significantly more common than in non-HD/CS (P < 0.0001). The most frequent currently relevant and occupationally related allergens were glyceryl thioglycolate, p-phenylenediamine, nickel sulfate, 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate, and quaternium-15. Hair dyes, permanent wave solutions, and other hair products were common sources of allergens. The North American Contact Dermatitis Group allergen series missed at least 1 occupationally-related allergen in 26.2% of patients.

CONCLUSIONS

Contact dermatitis in North American HD/CS is common, and occupationally related allergens are those found in HD/CS products. Supplemental hairdressing/cosmetology antigen series are important in detecting all occupationally related allergens in this population.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Dermatology, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55417, USA. erin.warshaw@va.govNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

23169207

Citation

Warshaw, Erin M., et al. "Occupational Contact Dermatitis in Hairdressers/cosmetologists: Retrospective Analysis of North American Contact Dermatitis Group Data, 1994 to 2010." Dermatitis : Contact, Atopic, Occupational, Drug, vol. 23, no. 6, 2012, pp. 258-68.
Warshaw EM, Wang MZ, Mathias CG, et al. Occupational contact dermatitis in hairdressers/cosmetologists: retrospective analysis of north american contact dermatitis group data, 1994 to 2010. Dermatitis. 2012;23(6):258-68.
Warshaw, E. M., Wang, M. Z., Mathias, C. G., Maibach, H. I., Belsito, D. V., Zug, K. A., ... Sasseville, D. (2012). Occupational contact dermatitis in hairdressers/cosmetologists: retrospective analysis of north american contact dermatitis group data, 1994 to 2010. Dermatitis : Contact, Atopic, Occupational, Drug, 23(6), pp. 258-68. doi:10.1097/DER.0b013e318273a3b8.
Warshaw EM, et al. Occupational Contact Dermatitis in Hairdressers/cosmetologists: Retrospective Analysis of North American Contact Dermatitis Group Data, 1994 to 2010. Dermatitis. 2012;23(6):258-68. PubMed PMID: 23169207.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Occupational contact dermatitis in hairdressers/cosmetologists: retrospective analysis of north american contact dermatitis group data, 1994 to 2010. AU - Warshaw,Erin M, AU - Wang,Michael Z, AU - Mathias,C G Toby, AU - Maibach,Howard I, AU - Belsito,Donald V, AU - Zug,Kathryn A, AU - Taylor,James S, AU - Zirwas,Matthew J, AU - Fransway,Anthony F, AU - Deleo,Vincent A, AU - Marks,James G,Jr AU - Pratt,Melanie D, AU - Storrs,Frances J, AU - Rietschel,Robert L, AU - Fowler,Joseph F,Jr AU - Sasseville,Denis, PY - 2012/11/22/entrez PY - 2012/11/22/pubmed PY - 2013/5/22/medline SP - 258 EP - 68 JF - Dermatitis : contact, atopic, occupational, drug JO - Dermatitis VL - 23 IS - 6 N2 - BACKGROUND: European studies document that occupational contact dermatitis (CD) is common in hairdressers, but studies from North America are lacking. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to estimate the prevalence of occupational CD among North American hairdressers/cosmetologists (HD/CS) and to characterize responsible allergens and irritants as well as their sources. METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis of patients patch tested by the North American Contact Dermatitis Group between 1994 and 2010 was conducted. RESULTS: Of 35,842 patients, 432 (1.2%) were HD/CS. Significantly, most of the HD/CS were female (89.8%) and younger than 40 years (55.6%) as compared with non-hairdressers (P < 0.0001). The rates for allergic and irritant CD in HD/CS were 72.7% and 37.0%, respectively. The most common body site of involvement was the hand, and this was significantly more common than in non-HD/CS (P < 0.0001). The most frequent currently relevant and occupationally related allergens were glyceryl thioglycolate, p-phenylenediamine, nickel sulfate, 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate, and quaternium-15. Hair dyes, permanent wave solutions, and other hair products were common sources of allergens. The North American Contact Dermatitis Group allergen series missed at least 1 occupationally-related allergen in 26.2% of patients. CONCLUSIONS: Contact dermatitis in North American HD/CS is common, and occupationally related allergens are those found in HD/CS products. Supplemental hairdressing/cosmetology antigen series are important in detecting all occupationally related allergens in this population. SN - 2162-5220 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/23169207/Occupational_contact_dermatitis_in_hairdressers/cosmetologists:_retrospective_analysis_of_north_american_contact_dermatitis_group_data_1994_to_2010_ L2 - http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/DER.0b013e318273a3b8 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -