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Lipid composition of Castanea sativa Mill. and Aesculus hippocastanum fruit oils.
J Sci Food Agric. 2013 Feb; 93(3):661-6.JS

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Sweet and horse chestnut fruit contain carbohydrates, fibers, proteins, lipids, vitamins, glycosides and coumarin. The lipids are rich in biologically active substances as fatty acids, phospholipids, sterols and tocopherols. The fruit has been used as food, and for medicinal purposes to treat inflammatory and vascular problems.

RESULTS

The fruits of sweet and horse chestnut contain 20 and 81 g kg(-1) glyceride oil respectively. The content of phospholipids in the oils was 49 and 3 g kg(-1). Sterols were found to be 8 and 12 g kg(-1). In the tocopherol fraction (1920 and 627 mg kg(-1)) γ-tocopherol predominated in the sweet chestnut oil (927 g kg(-1)); γ-tocopherol (591 g kg(-1)) and α-tocopherol (402 g kg(-1)) in horse chestnut oil. Palmitic, oleic and linoleic acids predominated in the triacylglycerols. Higher quantities of palmitic and oleic acids were established in the phospholipids and sterol esters.

CONCLUSION

The fruits of horse and sweet chestnut have a close lipid composition. The oils are rich in essential fatty acids, such as linoleic and linolenic, as well as biologically active substances: phospholipids, sterols and tocopherols. This fact determines the good food value of sweet chestnut fruit and the possibilities for use of horse chestnuts in pharmacy and for technical purposes.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Chemical Technology, University of Plovdiv, Plovdiv, Bulgaria. magzlat@uni-plovdiv.bgNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

23174908

Citation

Zlatanov, Magdalen D., et al. "Lipid Composition of Castanea Sativa Mill. and Aesculus Hippocastanum Fruit Oils." Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, vol. 93, no. 3, 2013, pp. 661-6.
Zlatanov MD, Antova GA, Angelova-Romova MJ, et al. Lipid composition of Castanea sativa Mill. and Aesculus hippocastanum fruit oils. J Sci Food Agric. 2013;93(3):661-6.
Zlatanov, M. D., Antova, G. A., Angelova-Romova, M. J., & Teneva, O. T. (2013). Lipid composition of Castanea sativa Mill. and Aesculus hippocastanum fruit oils. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 93(3), 661-6. https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.5917
Zlatanov MD, et al. Lipid Composition of Castanea Sativa Mill. and Aesculus Hippocastanum Fruit Oils. J Sci Food Agric. 2013;93(3):661-6. PubMed PMID: 23174908.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Lipid composition of Castanea sativa Mill. and Aesculus hippocastanum fruit oils. AU - Zlatanov,Magdalen D, AU - Antova,Ginka A, AU - Angelova-Romova,Maria J, AU - Teneva,Olga T, Y1 - 2012/11/22/ PY - 2011/05/05/received PY - 2012/07/27/revised PY - 2012/09/14/accepted PY - 2012/11/24/entrez PY - 2012/11/24/pubmed PY - 2013/7/16/medline SP - 661 EP - 6 JF - Journal of the science of food and agriculture JO - J Sci Food Agric VL - 93 IS - 3 N2 - BACKGROUND: Sweet and horse chestnut fruit contain carbohydrates, fibers, proteins, lipids, vitamins, glycosides and coumarin. The lipids are rich in biologically active substances as fatty acids, phospholipids, sterols and tocopherols. The fruit has been used as food, and for medicinal purposes to treat inflammatory and vascular problems. RESULTS: The fruits of sweet and horse chestnut contain 20 and 81 g kg(-1) glyceride oil respectively. The content of phospholipids in the oils was 49 and 3 g kg(-1). Sterols were found to be 8 and 12 g kg(-1). In the tocopherol fraction (1920 and 627 mg kg(-1)) γ-tocopherol predominated in the sweet chestnut oil (927 g kg(-1)); γ-tocopherol (591 g kg(-1)) and α-tocopherol (402 g kg(-1)) in horse chestnut oil. Palmitic, oleic and linoleic acids predominated in the triacylglycerols. Higher quantities of palmitic and oleic acids were established in the phospholipids and sterol esters. CONCLUSION: The fruits of horse and sweet chestnut have a close lipid composition. The oils are rich in essential fatty acids, such as linoleic and linolenic, as well as biologically active substances: phospholipids, sterols and tocopherols. This fact determines the good food value of sweet chestnut fruit and the possibilities for use of horse chestnuts in pharmacy and for technical purposes. SN - 1097-0010 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/23174908/Lipid_composition_of_Castanea_sativa_Mill__and_Aesculus_hippocastanum_fruit_oils_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.5917 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -