The frequency of true short oesophagus in type II-IV hiatal hernia.Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 2013 Feb; 43(2):e30-6.EJ
The misdiagnosis of short oesophagus may occur on recurrence of the hernia after surgery for type II-IV hiatal hernia (HH). The frequency of short oesophagus in type II-IV hernia is undefined. The aim of this study was to assess the frequency of true short oesophagus in patients undergoing surgery for type II-IV hernia.
Thirty-four patients with type II-IV hernia underwent minimally invasive surgery. After full isolation of the oesophago-gastric junction, the position of the gastric folds was localized endoscopically and two clips were applied in correspondence. The distance between the clips and the diaphragm (intra-abdominal oesophageal length) was measured. When the intra-abdominal oesophagus was <1.5 cm after oesophageal mobilization, the Collis procedure was performed. After surgery, patients underwent a follow-up, comprehensive of barium swallow and endoscopy.
After mediastinal mobilization (median 10 cm), the intra-abdominal oesophageal length was >1.5 cm in 17 patients (4 type II, 11 type III and 2 type IV) and ≤ 1.5 cm in 17 patients (13 type III and 4 type IV hernia). No statistically significant differences were found between patients with intra-abdominal oesophageal length > or ≤ 1.5 cm with respect to symptoms duration and severity. Global results (median follow-up 48 months) were excellent in 44% of patients, good in 50%, fair in 3% and poor in 3%. HH relapse occurred in 3%.
True short oesophagus is present in 57% of type III-IV and in none of type II HHs. The intraoperative measurement of the submerged intra-abdominal oesophagus is an objective method for recognizing these patients.