Simultaneous determination of 4-substituted cathinones (4-MMC, 4-MEC and 4-FMC) in human urine by HPLC-DAD.J Chromatogr Sci. 2013 Oct; 51(9):861-6.JC
This study developed a selective and rapid high-performance liquid chromatography-diode array detection method for the confirmation of different cathinone derivates in human urine. Samples were prepared by solid-phase extraction (SPE) using procaine hydrochloride as the internal standard. The chromatographic separation was performed on a Kinetex PFP column using isocratic elution. The mobile phase was composed of a mixture of acetonitrile (33%, v/v) and 0.005M ammonium trifluoroacetate buffer (67%, v/v; pH 4.93 ± 0.03) with a flow rate of 0.350 mL/min. The diode array detection was performed at 262 nm. The method was linear over the concentration range of 25-2,400 ng/mL. Intra-day and inter-day precision values for cathinones were less than 1.26% (relative standard deviation). The limit of detection for any compounds extracted from human urine by the optimized SPE method was 40 ng/mL and the limit of quantification was 100 ng/mL in the urine. The recovery rate of SPE was between 71 and 82% with a lower relative standard deviation than 2.35%.