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Using reference nutrient density goals with food balance sheet data to identify likely micronutrient deficits for fortification planning in countries in the Western Pacific region.
Food Nutr Bull. 2012 Sep; 33(3 Suppl):S214-20.FN

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Collection of nationwide food consumption data at the individual level is the preferred option for planning fortification programs. However, such data are seldom collected in low-income countries. In contrast, Food Balance Sheets (FBS), published annually for approximately 180 countries, may provide a source of national data for program planning.

OBJECTIVE

To explore the use of micronutrient densities from FBS data to identify likely deficits for eight micronutrients in national diets.

METHODS

Micronutrient densities in the daily available food supply per capita were calculated from the micronutrient contents of 95 food commodities in 17 Western Pacific Region countries. Densities were compared with reference nutrient density goals developed to ensure that at least 95% of individuals, irrespective of life-stage group, are likely to have adequate intakes.

RESULTS

Of the eight micronutrients, Cambodia and Korea D.P.R. had likely deficits for six; China, Fiji, Kiribati, Korea Republic, Lao P.D.R., Philippines, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, and Viet Nam had likely deficits for five; Brunei Darussalam, Malaysia, Mongolia, New Zealand, and Papua New Guinea had likely deficits for four; and New Caledonia had likely deficits for three. The most frequent deficits were for iron, zinc, and calcium (all countries), followed by vitamin B2 and vitamin A (n = 13), vitamin B1 (n = 2), and vitamin B12 (n = 1).

CONCLUSIONS

The nutrient density approach could be applied to FBS data for ranking countries according to likely micronutrient deficits, but it provides no information on distribution of nutrient supply for fortification program planning. The approach described here could be applied to data from Household Consumption and Expenditures Surveys (HCES) to characterize households at greatest risk.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Human Nutrition, University of Otago, Union St., PO Box 56, Dunedin 9015, New Zealand. Rosalind.Gibson@Stonebow.Otago.AC.NZNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

23193773

Citation

Gibson, Rosalind S., and Tommaso Cavalli-Sforza. "Using Reference Nutrient Density Goals With Food Balance Sheet Data to Identify Likely Micronutrient Deficits for Fortification Planning in Countries in the Western Pacific Region." Food and Nutrition Bulletin, vol. 33, no. 3 Suppl, 2012, pp. S214-20.
Gibson RS, Cavalli-Sforza T. Using reference nutrient density goals with food balance sheet data to identify likely micronutrient deficits for fortification planning in countries in the Western Pacific region. Food Nutr Bull. 2012;33(3 Suppl):S214-20.
Gibson, R. S., & Cavalli-Sforza, T. (2012). Using reference nutrient density goals with food balance sheet data to identify likely micronutrient deficits for fortification planning in countries in the Western Pacific region. Food and Nutrition Bulletin, 33(3 Suppl), S214-20.
Gibson RS, Cavalli-Sforza T. Using Reference Nutrient Density Goals With Food Balance Sheet Data to Identify Likely Micronutrient Deficits for Fortification Planning in Countries in the Western Pacific Region. Food Nutr Bull. 2012;33(3 Suppl):S214-20. PubMed PMID: 23193773.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Using reference nutrient density goals with food balance sheet data to identify likely micronutrient deficits for fortification planning in countries in the Western Pacific region. AU - Gibson,Rosalind S, AU - Cavalli-Sforza,Tommaso, PY - 2012/12/1/entrez PY - 2012/12/1/pubmed PY - 2012/12/21/medline SP - S214 EP - 20 JF - Food and nutrition bulletin JO - Food Nutr Bull VL - 33 IS - 3 Suppl N2 - BACKGROUND: Collection of nationwide food consumption data at the individual level is the preferred option for planning fortification programs. However, such data are seldom collected in low-income countries. In contrast, Food Balance Sheets (FBS), published annually for approximately 180 countries, may provide a source of national data for program planning. OBJECTIVE: To explore the use of micronutrient densities from FBS data to identify likely deficits for eight micronutrients in national diets. METHODS: Micronutrient densities in the daily available food supply per capita were calculated from the micronutrient contents of 95 food commodities in 17 Western Pacific Region countries. Densities were compared with reference nutrient density goals developed to ensure that at least 95% of individuals, irrespective of life-stage group, are likely to have adequate intakes. RESULTS: Of the eight micronutrients, Cambodia and Korea D.P.R. had likely deficits for six; China, Fiji, Kiribati, Korea Republic, Lao P.D.R., Philippines, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, and Viet Nam had likely deficits for five; Brunei Darussalam, Malaysia, Mongolia, New Zealand, and Papua New Guinea had likely deficits for four; and New Caledonia had likely deficits for three. The most frequent deficits were for iron, zinc, and calcium (all countries), followed by vitamin B2 and vitamin A (n = 13), vitamin B1 (n = 2), and vitamin B12 (n = 1). CONCLUSIONS: The nutrient density approach could be applied to FBS data for ranking countries according to likely micronutrient deficits, but it provides no information on distribution of nutrient supply for fortification program planning. The approach described here could be applied to data from Household Consumption and Expenditures Surveys (HCES) to characterize households at greatest risk. SN - 0379-5721 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/23193773/Using_reference_nutrient_density_goals_with_food_balance_sheet_data_to_identify_likely_micronutrient_deficits_for_fortification_planning_in_countries_in_the_Western_Pacific_region_ L2 - https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/15648265120333s210?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -