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Drug use patterns and continuous enrollment in college: results from a longitudinal study.
J Stud Alcohol Drugs 2013; 74(1):71-83JS

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

Few longitudinal studies have examined the relationship between illicit drug use and academic outcomes among college students. This study characterized drug use patterns of a cohort of young adults who were originally enrolled as first-time, first-year college students in a longitudinal study. It evaluated the association between these drug use patterns and continuous enrollment during college, holding constant demographic characteristics, high school grade point average, fraternity/sorority involvement, personality/temperament characteristics, nicotine dependence, and alcohol use disorder.

METHOD

Participants (n = 1,133; 47% male) were purposively selected from one university and interviewed annually for 4 years, beginning with their first year of college, regardless of continued college attendance. Enrollment data were culled from administrative records. Group-based trajectory analyses characterized 4-year longitudinal drug use patterns. Two grouping variables were derived based on (a) marijuana use frequency and (b) number of illicit drugs used other than marijuana. Seventy-one percent of the sample was continuously enrolled in the home institution during the first 4 years of study.

RESULTS

Multivariable logistic regression models demonstrated that infrequent, increasing, and chronic/heavy marijuana use patterns were significantly associated with discontinuous enrollment (adjusted odds ratio = 1.66, 1.74, and 1.99, respectively), compared with minimal use, holding constant covariates. In separate models, drug use other than marijuana also was significantly associated with discontinuous enrollment.

CONCLUSIONS

Marijuana use and other illicit drug use are both associated with a decreased likelihood of continuous enrollment in college, independent of several other possible risk factors. These findings highlight the need for early intervention with illicit drug users to mitigate possible negative academic consequences.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Center on Young Adult Health and Development, University of Maryland School of Public Health, Department of Family Science, College Park, MD 20742, USA. aarria@umd.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

23200152

Citation

Arria, Amelia M., et al. "Drug Use Patterns and Continuous Enrollment in College: Results From a Longitudinal Study." Journal of Studies On Alcohol and Drugs, vol. 74, no. 1, 2013, pp. 71-83.
Arria AM, Garnier-Dykstra LM, Caldeira KM, et al. Drug use patterns and continuous enrollment in college: results from a longitudinal study. J Stud Alcohol Drugs. 2013;74(1):71-83.
Arria, A. M., Garnier-Dykstra, L. M., Caldeira, K. M., Vincent, K. B., Winick, E. R., & O'Grady, K. E. (2013). Drug use patterns and continuous enrollment in college: results from a longitudinal study. Journal of Studies On Alcohol and Drugs, 74(1), pp. 71-83.
Arria AM, et al. Drug Use Patterns and Continuous Enrollment in College: Results From a Longitudinal Study. J Stud Alcohol Drugs. 2013;74(1):71-83. PubMed PMID: 23200152.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Drug use patterns and continuous enrollment in college: results from a longitudinal study. AU - Arria,Amelia M, AU - Garnier-Dykstra,Laura M, AU - Caldeira,Kimberly M, AU - Vincent,Kathryn B, AU - Winick,Emily R, AU - O'Grady,Kevin E, PY - 2012/12/4/entrez PY - 2012/12/4/pubmed PY - 2013/5/15/medline SP - 71 EP - 83 JF - Journal of studies on alcohol and drugs JO - J Stud Alcohol Drugs VL - 74 IS - 1 N2 - OBJECTIVE: Few longitudinal studies have examined the relationship between illicit drug use and academic outcomes among college students. This study characterized drug use patterns of a cohort of young adults who were originally enrolled as first-time, first-year college students in a longitudinal study. It evaluated the association between these drug use patterns and continuous enrollment during college, holding constant demographic characteristics, high school grade point average, fraternity/sorority involvement, personality/temperament characteristics, nicotine dependence, and alcohol use disorder. METHOD: Participants (n = 1,133; 47% male) were purposively selected from one university and interviewed annually for 4 years, beginning with their first year of college, regardless of continued college attendance. Enrollment data were culled from administrative records. Group-based trajectory analyses characterized 4-year longitudinal drug use patterns. Two grouping variables were derived based on (a) marijuana use frequency and (b) number of illicit drugs used other than marijuana. Seventy-one percent of the sample was continuously enrolled in the home institution during the first 4 years of study. RESULTS: Multivariable logistic regression models demonstrated that infrequent, increasing, and chronic/heavy marijuana use patterns were significantly associated with discontinuous enrollment (adjusted odds ratio = 1.66, 1.74, and 1.99, respectively), compared with minimal use, holding constant covariates. In separate models, drug use other than marijuana also was significantly associated with discontinuous enrollment. CONCLUSIONS: Marijuana use and other illicit drug use are both associated with a decreased likelihood of continuous enrollment in college, independent of several other possible risk factors. These findings highlight the need for early intervention with illicit drug users to mitigate possible negative academic consequences. SN - 1938-4114 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/23200152/Drug_use_patterns_and_continuous_enrollment_in_college:_results_from_a_longitudinal_study_ L2 - https://www.jsad.com/doi/abs/10.15288/jsad.2013.74.71 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -