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Influence of ballistic bench press on upper body power output in professional rugby players.
J Strength Cond Res. 2013 Aug; 27(8):2282-7.JS

Abstract

The use of heavy resistance exercise provides an effective preload stimulus for inducing postactivation potentiation (PAP) and increasing peak power output (PPO). However, this approach has limited application in many sporting situations (e.g., incorporation in a precompetition warm-up); and therefore, more practical strategies for inducing PAP need to be investigated. The aim of the present study was to compare the PPO changes after performing a preload stimulus of either a ballistic exercise or a traditional heavy resistance exercise. Twenty professional rugby union players completed 3 testing sessions, each separated by 48 hours. On the first occasion, subjects underwent a 3 repetition maximum (3RM)-bench press testing session. On the next 2 occasions, subjects performed a ballistic bench throw at baseline (30% of 1RM), followed by a preload stimulus of either heavy resistance training (HRT) (heavy bench press: 3 sets of 3 repetitions at 87% 1RM) or BBP (3 sets of 3 repetitions at 30% on 1RM) followed by ballistic bench throw after 8 minutes recovery. The trials were randomized and counterbalanced. Both preload stimuli protocols increased PPO compared with baseline (BBP baseline 892 ± 108 vs. 8 minutes 924 ± 119 W, p < 0.001; HRT baseline 893 ± 104 vs. 8 minutes 931 ± 116 W; p < 0.001). There were no conditional differences between PPO at 8 minutes (p = 0.141); moreover, the change in PPO from baseline was also similar between conditions (BBP Δ + 33 ± 18; HRT Δ + 38 ± 21 W; p = 0.112). In conclusion, a ballistic exercise provided an effective method of inducing PAP and increasing upper-body PPO; moreover, this elicited similar increases in PPO as a traditional heavy resistance exercise preloading stimulus.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Sport and Exercise Science, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Northumbria University, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial

Language

eng

PubMed ID

23222075

Citation

West, Daniel J., et al. "Influence of Ballistic Bench Press On Upper Body Power Output in Professional Rugby Players." Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, vol. 27, no. 8, 2013, pp. 2282-7.
West DJ, Cunningham DJ, Crewther BT, et al. Influence of ballistic bench press on upper body power output in professional rugby players. J Strength Cond Res. 2013;27(8):2282-7.
West, D. J., Cunningham, D. J., Crewther, B. T., Cook, C. J., & Kilduff, L. P. (2013). Influence of ballistic bench press on upper body power output in professional rugby players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 27(8), 2282-7. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e31827de6f1
West DJ, et al. Influence of Ballistic Bench Press On Upper Body Power Output in Professional Rugby Players. J Strength Cond Res. 2013;27(8):2282-7. PubMed PMID: 23222075.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Influence of ballistic bench press on upper body power output in professional rugby players. AU - West,Daniel J, AU - Cunningham,Daniel J, AU - Crewther,Blair T, AU - Cook,Christian J, AU - Kilduff,Liam P, PY - 2012/12/11/entrez PY - 2012/12/12/pubmed PY - 2014/4/17/medline SP - 2282 EP - 7 JF - Journal of strength and conditioning research JO - J Strength Cond Res VL - 27 IS - 8 N2 - The use of heavy resistance exercise provides an effective preload stimulus for inducing postactivation potentiation (PAP) and increasing peak power output (PPO). However, this approach has limited application in many sporting situations (e.g., incorporation in a precompetition warm-up); and therefore, more practical strategies for inducing PAP need to be investigated. The aim of the present study was to compare the PPO changes after performing a preload stimulus of either a ballistic exercise or a traditional heavy resistance exercise. Twenty professional rugby union players completed 3 testing sessions, each separated by 48 hours. On the first occasion, subjects underwent a 3 repetition maximum (3RM)-bench press testing session. On the next 2 occasions, subjects performed a ballistic bench throw at baseline (30% of 1RM), followed by a preload stimulus of either heavy resistance training (HRT) (heavy bench press: 3 sets of 3 repetitions at 87% 1RM) or BBP (3 sets of 3 repetitions at 30% on 1RM) followed by ballistic bench throw after 8 minutes recovery. The trials were randomized and counterbalanced. Both preload stimuli protocols increased PPO compared with baseline (BBP baseline 892 ± 108 vs. 8 minutes 924 ± 119 W, p < 0.001; HRT baseline 893 ± 104 vs. 8 minutes 931 ± 116 W; p < 0.001). There were no conditional differences between PPO at 8 minutes (p = 0.141); moreover, the change in PPO from baseline was also similar between conditions (BBP Δ + 33 ± 18; HRT Δ + 38 ± 21 W; p = 0.112). In conclusion, a ballistic exercise provided an effective method of inducing PAP and increasing upper-body PPO; moreover, this elicited similar increases in PPO as a traditional heavy resistance exercise preloading stimulus. SN - 1533-4287 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/23222075/Influence_of_ballistic_bench_press_on_upper_body_power_output_in_professional_rugby_players_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e31827de6f1 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -